Read 5 Steps to a 5 AP Psychology, 2010-2011 Edition Online

Authors: Laura Lincoln Maitland

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5 Steps to a 5 AP Psychology, 2010-2011 Edition

BOOK: 5 Steps to a 5 AP Psychology, 2010-2011 Edition
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5 STEPS TO A 5 AP Psychology
2010–2011

Laura Lincoln Maitland, M.A., M.S.

Copyright © 2010 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. Except as permitted under the United States Copyright Act of 1976, no part of this publication may be reproduced or distributed in any form or by any means, or stored in a database or retrieval system, without the prior written permission of the publisher.

ISBN: 978-0-07-162453-4

MHID: 0-07-162453-8

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TERMS OF USE

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CONTENTS

Preface

About the Author

Introduction: The 5-Step Program

STEP 1
Set Up Your Study Plan

1 What You Need to Know About the AP Psychology Exam

2 How to Plan Your Time

STEP 2
Determine Your Test Readiness

3 Take a Diagnostic Exam

Diagnostic Exam in AP Psychology

STEP 3
Develop Strategies for Success

4 How to Approach Each Question Type

Section I: Multiple-Choice Questions

Section II: The Free-Response Questions

STEP 4
Review the Knowledge You Need to Score High

5 History and Approaches

Roots of Psychology

Schools of Psychology

Principal Approaches to Psychology

Domains of Psychology

6 Research Methods

Experimental Method

Correlational Research

Case Study

Elementary Statistics

Ethical Guidelines

7 Biological Bases of Behavior

Techniques to Learn About Structure and Function

Organization of Your Nervous System

Localization and Lateralization of the Brain’s Function

Structure and Function of the Neuron

The Endocrine System

Genetics and Evolutionary Psychology

Genetics and Behavior

8 Sensation and Perception

Thresholds

Vision

Hearing (Audition)

Touch (Somatosensation)

Body Senses

Chemical Senses

Perceptual Processes

9 States of Consciousness

Levels of Consciousness

Sleep and Dreams

Hypnosis

Meditation

Drugs

10 Learning

Classical Conditioning

Operant Conditioning

Superstitious Behavior

Cognitive Processes in Learning

Biological Factors in Learning

11 Cognition

Models of Memory

Language

Thinking

12 Motivation and Emotion

Theories of Motivation

Physiological Motives

Social Motivation

Theories of Emotion

Stress and Coping

Positive Psychology

13 Developmental Psychology

Key Issues in Development

Methods of Studying Development

Physical Development

Theories of Cognitive Development

Theories of Moral Development

Theories of Social and Emotional Development

Gender Roles and Sex Differences

14 Personality

Personality Theories and Approaches

Assessment Techniques

Self-Concept and Self-Esteem

15 Testing and Individual Differences

Standardization and Norms

Reliability and Validity

Types of Tests

Ethics and Standards in Testing

Intelligence and Intelligence Testing

Heredity/Environment and Intelligence

Human Diversity

16 Abnormal Behavior

Defining Abnormal Behavior

Causes of Abnormal Behavior

Types of Disorders

17 Treatment of Abnormal Behavior

Mental Health Practitioners

Brief History of Therapy

Treatment Approaches

Biological/Biomedical Treatments

Modes of Therapy

Community and Preventive Approaches

18 Social Psychology

Group Dynamics

Attribution Processes

Interpersonal Perception

Conformity, Compliance, Obedience

Attitudes and Attitude Change

Aggression/Antisocial Behavior

STEP 5
Build Your Test-Taking Confidence

AP Psychology Practice Exam 1 and Answers

AP Psychology Practice Exam 2 and Answers

Appendixes

Glossary

Bibliography

Websites

PREFACE

Welcome to the updated 2010–2011 edition of this test preparation book for AP Psychology. Changes in this edition reflect changes to the 2010–2011 Course Description for AP Psychology from the College Board. The book has been designed so that it is user friendly and employs the concepts psychologists know about learning and remembering to help you succeed. Each chapter begins with an advance organizer to help you understand the material. Smaller sections enable you to fit what you are learning into the framework of what you already know. Features that previous users found most helpful, such as the definitions in the glossary at the end of the book, questions very similar to those actually on the AP exam, and Rapid Review at the end of each content chapter have been retained.

If psychology were mainly common sense, as many people think, you wouldn’t need this book. You wouldn’t need to study either. In fact, many concepts in psychology are counterintuitive, the opposite of what common sense leads us to think. Actually, psychology is a real science with a substantial knowledge base. If you are currently enrolled in an Advanced Placement Psychology course, you know how much more than listening to people’s problems and analyzing them is included in the study of psychology, and you know how many hundreds of pages you need to navigate in a hard-covered course textbook. If you’re not enrolled in an AP course, you may need additional support to help you select material that is likely to be tested on the May exam. In either situation, you’ll benefit from this book created to help you study for the Advanced Placement Exam in Psychology®.

This book provides you with the information on which you need to focus for taking the Advanced Placement Exam in Psychology®, and gives you opportunities to practice answering AP-type questions. The multiple-choice questions count for two-thirds of your test score, and the essays count for one-third. While multiple-choice questions usually assess your understanding of one concept, essays test your understanding of numerous concepts and your ability to integrate information from more than one chapter. Practice in answering both multiple-choice and essay questions will help you achieve on the AP exam. Read all of the material and answer all of the questions in all of the content chapters of this book, if you have enough time. Check your answers. Follow the study tips to help you learn and remember material you need to know. As the May exam approaches, take the two practice tests at the end of the book, and check your answers to see what you still need to learn. Since studying will help you succeed, it’s time to get started!

BOOK: 5 Steps to a 5 AP Psychology, 2010-2011 Edition
4.65Mb size Format: txt, pdf, ePub
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