Caravaggio: A Life Sacred and Profane

BOOK: Caravaggio: A Life Sacred and Profane
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Also by Andrew Graham-Dixon

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Andrew Graham-Dixon

Caravaggio

A Life Sacred and Profane

W. W. Norton & Company
new york

london

To the memory of my mother, Sue, who first awoke
my love of reading, writing and looking at art

List of Illustrations

All works are by Michelangelo Merisi da Caravaggio (1571–1610), unless otherwise stated.

1
.
Portrait of Caravaggio
by Ottavio Leoni (1578–1630),
c
. 1621

5 but clearly based on a life drawing originally done in
c.
1595

1606, Biblioteca Marucelliana, Florence, Italy. Photo: Scala, Florence. Drawing: black chalk heightened with white on blue paper, 9.2 x 6.4 in. (23.4 x 16.3 cm).

2
. The
sacro monte
at Varallo, Italy. Copyright
©
Sabine Tilly.

3
. The
sacro monte
at Varallo, Italy. Copyright
©
Sabine Tilly.

4
.
The Lamentation
by Guido Mazzoni (1450

1518), 1492, Church of Sant’Anna dei Lombardi, Naples, Italy. akg-images/De Agostini Picture Library. Terracotta.

5
.
Mary Magdalen
by Donatello (
c.
1386

1466), 1453

5, Museo dell’Opera del Duomo, Florence, Italy/The Bridgeman Art Library. Gilt wood, height 74 in. (188 cm).

6
.
Portrait of Carlo Borromeo
by Carlo Dolci (1616

86), Palazzo Pitti, Florence, Italy/The Bridgeman Art Library. Oil on canvas (octagonal), 36.8 x 30.3 in. (93.5 x 77 cm).

7
.
The Adoration of the Shepherds
by Simone Peterzano (1540

96), 1578

82, Charterhouse of Garegnano, Milan, Italy/Alinari/The Bridgeman Art Library. Fresco.

8
.
Venus and Anchises
, The Farnese Gallery (detail) by Annibale Carracci (1560

1609), begun 1597, Palazzo Farnese, Rome, Italy/The Bridgeman Art Library. Fresco.

9
.
Perseus and Andromeda
by Giuseppe Cesari (1568

1640), 1602, Kunsthistorisches Museum, Vienna, Austria/The Bridgeman Art Library. Oil on Canvas, 20.4 x 15 in. (51.8 x 38.2 cm).

10
.
Boy Peeling a Fruit
,
c.
1592

3, The Royal Collection © 2009, Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II. Oil on canvas, 24 x 19 in. (61 x 48.3 cm).

11
.
Boy with a Basket of Fruit
,
c.
1593

4. Galleria Borghese, Rome, Italy/ Alinari/The Bridgeman Art Library. Oil on Canvas, 27.6 x 26.4 in. (70 x 67 cm).

12
.
Boy Bitten by a Lizard
,
c.
1595, National Gallery, London, UK. © The National Gallery, 2010. Oil on canvas, 26 x 19.5 in. (66 x 49.5 cm).

13
.
Boy Bitten by a Crayfish
by Sofonisba Anguissola (1532

1625),
c.
1554, Museo di Capodimonte, Gabinetto dei Disegni, inv. 1030, Naples, Italy. Photo: Scala, Florence, courtesy of the Ministero Beni e Att. Culturali. Drawing.

14
.
Self-Portrait as Bacchus
,
c.
1593

4, Galleria Borghese, Rome, Italy/Lauros/The Bridgeman Art Library. Oil on Canvas, 26.4 x 20.9 in. (67 x 53 cm).

15
.
Bacchus and Ariadne
by Titian (Tiziano Vecellio) (
c.
1488

1576),
1520

23, National Gallery, London, UK. © The National Gallery,
2010. Oil on canvas, 69.5 x 75.2 in. (176.5 x 191 cm).

16
.
The Cardsharps
, 1595, Kimbell Art Museum, Fort Worth, Texas, USA/Art Resource, NY/Scala, Florence. Oil on canvas, 37
1

8
x 51
5

8
in. (94.2 x 30.9 cm).

17
.
The Gypsy Fortune-Teller
, 1595, Pinacoteca Capitolina, Palazzo Conservatori, Rome, Italy/The Bridgeman Art Library. Oil on canvas, 59.5 x 45.7 in. (151.2 x 116 cm).

18
.
Portrait of Cardinal Francesco Maria del Monte
by Ottavio Leoni (1578

1603), 1616, Museum Purchase, Collection of the John and Mable Ringling Museum of Art, The State Art Museum of Florida, a division of Florida State University, USA. Drawing: black chalk heightened with white on blue paper, 9 x 6½ in. (22.9 x 16.5 cm).

19
.
The Palazzo Madama
by Giuseppe Vasi (1710

82). Engraving.

20
.
Medusa
,
c.
1598, Galleria degli Uffizi, Florence, Italy. Photo: Scala, Florence, courtesy of the Ministero Beni e Att. Culturali. Oil on canvas attached to wood, diameter 22 in (55.5 cm).

21
.
The Musicians
,
c.
1595

6, Metropolitan Museum of Art/Art Resource/Scala, Florence, Italy. Oil on canvas, 36¼ x 46
5

8
in. (92.1 x 118.4 cm).

22
.
Le Concert Champêtre
by Titian (Tiziano Vecellio) (
c.
1488

1576)
,
c.
1510, Louvre, Paris, France/Giraudon/The Bridgeman Art Library. Oil on canvas, 41.3 x 53.9 in. (105 x 137 cm).

23
.
Concert
by Callisto Piazza (1500

1561), 1520, The Philadelphia Museum of Art, Philadelphia, USA/Art Resource/Scala, Florence. John G. Johnson Collection, 1917. Oil on panel 35
5

8
x 35¾ in (90.5 x 90.8 cm).

24
.
The Lute Player
,
c.
1596, Hermitage, St Petersburg, Russia/The Bridgeman Art Library. Oil on canvas, 37 x 46.9 in. (94 x 119 cm).

25
.
Basket of Fruit
,
c.
1596

8, Ambrosiana, Milan, Italy/The Bridgeman Art Library. Oil on canvas, 12.2 x 18.5 in. (31 x 47 cm).

26
.
The Penitent Magdalen
,
c.
1595

6, Galleria Doria Pamphilj, Rome, Italy/Alinari/ The Bridgeman Art Library. Oil on canvas, 48.2 x 38.8 in. (122.5 x 98.5 cm).

27
.
St Francis of Assisi in Ecstasy
,
c.
1596, Wadsworth Atheneum Museum of Art, Hartford, CT, USA/Art Resource NY/Scala, Florence. The Ella Gallup Sumner and Mary Catlin Sumner Collection Fund, 1943.222. Oil on canvas, 36
5

8
x 50¼ in. (92.5 x 127.8 cm).

28
.
The Rest on the Flight to Egypt
,
c.
1595

6, Galleria Doria Pamphilj, Rome, Italy/ Alinari/ The Bridgeman Art Library. Oil on canvas, 53.3 x 65.6 in. (135.5 x 166.5 cm).

29
.
The Judgement of Hercules
by Annibale Carracci (1560

1609),
c.
1595

6, Museo e Gallerie Nazionali di Capodimonte, Naples, Italy/The Bridgeman Art Library. Oil on canvas 65.7 x 93.3 in. (167 x 237 cm).

30
.
Jupiter, Neptune and Pluto
,
c.
1598

9, Casino dell’Aurora, Villa Boncompagni Ludovisi, Rome, Italy/akg-images/Andrea Jemolo. Ceiling painting in oil, 124.4 x 59.8 in. (316 x 152 cm).

31
.
Bacchus
,
c.
1597

8, Galleria degli Uffizi, Florence, Italy/Alinari/ The Bridgeman Art Library. Oil on canvas, 36.6 x 33.5 in. (93 x 85 cm).

32
.
Martha and Mary Magdalen
,
c.
1598, Detroit Institute of Arts, USA/Gift of the Kresge Foundation and Mrs Edsel B. Ford/The Bridgeman Art Library. Oil and tempera on canvas, 38.5 x 52.2 in. (97.8 x 132.7 cm).

33
.
St Catherine
, 1599, Museo Thyssen-Bornemisza. Photo: Scala, Florence. Oil on canvas, 68.1 x 52.4 in. (173 x 133 cm).

34
.
Portrait of Fillide Melandroni
,
c.
1598, Gemäldegalerie des Kaiser-Friedrich Museum, Berlin, Germany, inv. 356 (destroyed in 1945). Photo: Scala, Florence/BPK, Bildagentur für Kunst, Kultur und Geschichte, Berlin, Germany. Oil on canvas, 26 x 20.9 in. (66 x 53 cm).

35
.
Judith and Holofernes
, 1598

9, Palazzo Barberini, Rome, Italy/The Bridgeman Art Library. Oil on canvas, 57.1 x 76.8 in. (145 x 195 cm).

36
.
The Entombment
, 1604, Vatican Museums and Galleries, Vatican City, Italy/The Bridgeman Art Library. Oil on canvas, 118.1 x 79.9 in. (300 x 203 cm).

37
.
Pietà
by Michelangelo Buonarroti (1475

1564), 1499, Basilica di San Pietro, Vatican, Rome, Italy/The Bridgeman Art Library. Marble, 68.5 x 79.8 in. (174 x 195 cm).

38
.
The Calling of St Matthew
, 1599

1600, Contarelli Chapel (left-hand-side wall), San Luigi dei Francesi, Rome, Italy/The Bridgeman Art Library. Oil on panel, 126.8 x 133.9 in. (322 x 340 cm).

39
.
The Creation of Adam
(detail, post-restoration) by Michelangelo Buonarroti (1475

1564), 1511

12, Sistine Chapel, Vatican, Italy. Fresco, 110.2 x 224.4 in. (280 x 570 cm).

40
.
The Martyrdom of St Matthew
, 1599

1600, Contarelli Chapel (right-hand-side wall), San Luigi dei Francesi, Rome, Italy/The Bridgeman Art Library. Oil on canvas, 127.2 x 135 in. (323 x 343 cm).

41
.
The Conversion of St Paul
(first version), 1600

1601, Palazzo Odescalchi, Collection of Principessa Nicoletta Odescalchi, Rome, Italy. Photo: Scala, Florence. Oil on cypress, 90.6 x 68.9 in. (230 x 175 cm).

42
.
The Crucifixion of St Peter
, 1600

1601, Cerasi Chapel, Santa Maria del Popolo, Rome, Italy/Alinari/The Bridgeman Art Library. Oil on canvas, 90.6 x 68.9 in. (230 x 175 cm).

43
. The Cerasi Chapel (front view), Santa Maria del Popolo, Rome, Italy.
©
Archivo Fotografico, Soprintendenza Speciale per il Patrimonio Storico Artistico ed Etnoantropologico e per il Polo Museale della Citt
à
di Roma.

44
.
The Conversion of St Paul
(second version), 1600

1601, Cerasi Chapel, Santa Maria del Popolo, Rome, Italy/The Bridgeman Art Library. Oil on canvas, 90.6 x 68.9 in. (230 x 175 cm).

45
.
The Supper at Emmaus
, 1601, National Gallery, London, UK. © The National Gallery, 2010. Oil on tempera on canvas, 55.5 x 77.4 in. (141 x 196.2 cm).

46
.
St
John the Baptist
, 1602, Musei Capitolini, Rome, Italy. Photo: Scala, Florence. Oil on canvas, 50.8 x 37.4 in. (129 x 95 cm).

47
.
Ignudo
(detail, post-restoration) by Michelangelo Buonarroti (1475

1564), 1511

12, Sistine Chapel, Vatican, Italy/Bridgeman Art Library. Fresco.

48
.
The Betrayal of Christ
, 1602, National Gallery of Ireland, Dublin. With kind permission of the Jesuit community, who acknowledge the generosity of Dr Marie Lee Wilson. Oil on canvas, 52.6 x 66.7 in. (133.5 x 169.5 cm).

49
.
Street Scene
by Francesco Villamena (1564

1624), 1601, British Museum, London, UK. © The Trustees of the British Museum. Engraving, 13.6 x 19.5 in. (34.5 x 49.5 cm).

50
.
St Matthew and the Angel
(first version), 1602, Gemäldegalerie des Kaiser-Friedrich Museum, Berlin, Germany, inv. 365 (destroyed in 1945). Photo: Scala, Florence/BPK, Bildagentur für Kunst, Kultur und Geschichte, Berlin, Germany. Oil on canvas, 87.8 x 72 in. (223 x 183 cm).

51
.
St Matthew and the Angel
(second version), 1602, Contarelli Chapel, San Luigi dei Francesi, Rome, Italy/The Bridgeman Art Library. Oil on canvas, 116 x 76 ¾ in. (295 x 195 cm).

52
.
The Death of the Virgin
, 1606, Louvre, Paris, France/The Bridgeman Art Library. Oil on canvas, 145¼ x 96½ in. (369 x 245 cm).

53
.
The Death of the Virgin
by Carlo Saraceni (1579

1620), 1610, Church of Santa Maria della Scala, Rome, Italy. Photo: Scala, Florence/Fondo Edifici di Culto- Min. dell’Interno. Oil on canvas, 180.7 x 107.5 in. (459 x 273 cm).

54
.
Doubting Thomas
,
c.
1603, Schloss Sanssouci, Potsdam, Brandenburg, Germany/Alinari/The Bridgeman Art Library. Oil on canvas, 42.1 x 57.5 in. (107 x 146 cm).

55
.
The Sacrifice of Isaac
, 1603, Galleria degli Uffizi, Florence, Italy/Alinari/The Bridgeman Art Library. Oil on canvas, 40.9 x 53.1 in. (104 x 135 cm).

56
.
Omnia vincit amor
, 1602, Gemäldegalerie, Staatliche Museen, Berlin, Germany/Alinari/The Bridgeman Art Library. Oil on canvas, 61.4 x 44.5 in. (156 x 113 cm).

57
.
Divine Love
by Giovanni Baglione (1566

1644), 1602, Palazzo Barberini, Rome, Italy/The Bridgeman Art Library. Oil on canvas, 94.5 x 56.3 in. (240 x 143 cm).

58
. Study for
The Resurrection
by Giovanni Baglione (1566

1644),
c.
1602

3, Louvre, Paris, France/Lauros/Giraudon/The Bridgeman Art Library. Oil on canvas, 33.8 x 22.2 in. (86 x 56.5 cm).

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