Authors: Mary Roach
Copyright Â© 2011 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company
Introduction copyright Â© 2011 by Mary Roach
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"The Organ Dealer" by Yudhijit Bhattacharjee. First published in
2010. Copyright Â© 2010 by Yudhijit Bhattacharjee. Reprinted by permission of the
"Nature's Spoils" by Burkhard Bilger. First published in
The New Yorker,
22, 2010. Copyright Â© 2010 by Burkhard Bilger. Reprinted by permission of Burk-
hard Bilger. Excerpt from the lyrics to "Human(e) Meat (The Flensing of Sandor
Katz)" are reprinted by permission of Propagandhi.
"The Chemist's War" by Deborah Blum. First published in
). Copyright Â© 2010 by Deborah Blum. Reprinted by permis-
"Fertility Rites" by Jon Cohen. First published in
Almost Chimpanzee: Searching for What Makes Us Human in Rainforests,
Labs, Sanctuaries, and Zoos
by Jon Cohen. Copyright Â© 2010 by Jon Cohen. Reprinted
by permission of Henry Holt and Company, LLC.
"The Brain That Changed Everything" by Luke Dittrich. First published in
November 2010. Copyright Â© 2010 by Luke Dittrich. Reprinted by permission
of Luke Dittrich.
"Emptying the Skies" by Jonathan Franzen. First published in
The New Yorker,
28, 2010. Copyright Â© 2010 by Jonathan Franzen. Reprinted by permission of Jona-
"Fish Out of Water" by Ian Frazier. First published in
The New Yorker,
2010. Copyright Â© 2010 by Ian Frazier. Reprinted by permission of The Wylie
"Lies, Damn Lies, and Medical Science" by David H. Freedman. First published in
November 2010. Copyright Â© 2010 by David H. Freedman. Reprinted
by permission of David H. Freedman.
"Letting Go" by Atul Gawande. First published in
The New Yorker,
August 2, 2010.
Copyright Â© 2010 by Atul Gawande. Reprinted by permission of the author.
"The Treatment" by Malcolm Gladwell. First published in
The New Yorker,
2010. Copyright Â© 2010 by Malcolm Gladwell. Reprinted by permission of the
"Cosmic Blueprint of Life" by Andrew Grant. First published in
ber 2010. Copyright Â© 2010 by Discover. Reprinted by permission.
"The (Elusive) Theory of Everything" by Stephen Hawking and Leonard Mlodi-
now. First published in
October 2010. Reprinted by permission
of the authors.
"The Spill Seekers" by Rowan Jacobsen. First published in
2010. Copyright Â© 2011 by Rowan Jacobsen. Reprinted by permission of Rowan
"New Dog in Town" by Christopher Ketcham. First published in
ber/October 2010. Copyright Â© 2010 by Christopher Ketcham. Reprinted by per-
mission of the author.
"Taking a Fall" by Dan Koeppel. First published in
2010. Copyright Â© 2010 by Dan Koeppel. Reprinted by permission of Dan Koep-
"The First Church of Robotics" by Jaron Lanier. First published in the
August 9, 2010. Copyright Â© 2010 by Jaron Lanier. Reprinted by permission
of the author.
"Spectral Light" by Amy Irvine McHarg. First published in
ary 2010. Copyright Â© 2011 by Amy Irvine McHarg. Reprinted by permission of
Amy Irvine McHarg.
"The Love That Dare Not Squawk Its Name" by Jon Mooallem. First published in
New York Times Magazine,
March 31, 2010. Copyright Â© 2010 by Jon Mooallem.
Reprinted by permission of the author.
"Could Time End?" by George Musser. First published in
tember 2010. Copyright Â© 2010 by Scientific American, a division of Nature Amer-
ica, Inc. Reproduced with permission. All rights reserved.
"Sign Here If You Exist" by Jill Sisson Quinn. First published in
Copyright Â© 2010 by Jill Sisson Quinn. Reprinted by permission of the author.
"Face-Blind" by Oliver Sacks. First published in
The New Yorker,
August 30, 2010.
The Mind's Eye
by Oliver Sacks, copyright Â© 2010 by Oliver Sacks. Used by per-
mission of Alfred A. Knopf, a division of Random House, Inc., and Knopf Canada.
"Waste MGMT" by Evan I. Schwartz. First published in
June 2010. Copy-
right Â© 2010 by Evan I. Schwartz. Reprinted by permission of Evan I. Schwartz.
"The Whole Fracking Enchilada" by Sandra Steingraber. First published in
September/October 2010. Copyright Â© 2010 by Sandra Steingraber. Reprinted by
permission of the author.
"The New King of the Sea" by Abigail Tucker. First published in
August 2010. Copyright Â© 2010 by Abigail Tucker. Reprinted by permission of the
"The Killer in the Pool" by Tim Zimmermann. First published in
2010. Copyright Â© 2011 by Tim Zimmermann. Reprinted by permission of Tim
NE DAY LAST
February a team of NASA scientists made an astonishing announcement. A space telescope named Kepler, launched in March 2009, had found 1,235 planets orbiting other stars. Astronomers cautioned that they would need years to confirm the discovery completely, but there's little doubt that most of the new planets will survive scrutiny. In one stroke the number of planets in our galaxy more than doubled; as recently as twenty years ago the only known planets were those in our own solar system. For the first time in history we now know that planetary systems are common in the universe, which raises considerably the odds that lifeâperhaps even intelligent lifeâmay exist elsewhere in the cosmos. Geoff Marcy, an astronomer on the Kepler team, could barely contain his excitement.
"It really is a historic moment," he told me during a chat in his office on the University of California campus in Berkeley. "I really think February 3, 2011"âthe date NASA released the newsâ"will be remembered for a long time. It was a moment when all the interested members of our species, no matter what continent they lived on, realized that the Milky Way galaxy is just teeming with Earth-size planets. What Kepler is doing is literally finding new worldsânot metaphorical worlds, but actual worlds. This really is an extraordinary new chapter in human history."
The new chapterâone of the great discoveries of the agesâmade headlines for a day, and then ... our collective attention moved on. The Super Bowl was only a few days away; protesters were massing in Cairo's Tahrir Square. A thousand new worlds, some of which might be habitable? Yesterday's news. It made me wonder what cultural life might have been like, say, in Galileo's time, if Renaissance Italy had been plagued by a twenty-four-hour news cycle. Would endlessly recycled rumors of a papal scandal have eclipsed Galileo's discovery of the moons of Jupiter in 1610? Or maybe a hit reality stage showâ
Growing Up Medici
âwould have so distracted officials of the Inquisition that they wouldn't have cared when Galileo claimed that Earth orbited the sun, and the old man would have been spared his sentence of lifetime house arrest.
So give the Inquisitors some credit. They tortured; they burned; they broke willsâbut they knew a turning point in history when they saw one, even if they did their best to suppress it. They must have thought they were doing the right thing. Maybe they even imagined that future generations would be grateful for their efforts. But who now remembers the name of the pope who reigned when Galileo was imprisoned? (It was Paul V, but I had to look it up.) Four hundred years from now, if our species survives, it's probably safe to assume that the wars of our timeânot to mention our leaders and celebritiesâwill be forgotten. The year 2011 may well be remembered as the time when we learned that our world was but one of many in the galaxy. And who knows? In another four centuries we may have found that we're not alone in the universe.
Although astronomers don't yet know whether any of the planets discovered by the Kepler space telescope harbor life, there's good evidence that the raw ingredients for life are as common as space dust. One of the articles in this year's anthology, "Cosmic Blueprint of Life," by Andrew Grant, informs us that some of the complex organic molecules that are essential for life apparently form spontaneously in interstellar space. These compounds may have been the seeds from which life on Earth beganâand if it happened here...
After pondering the question of life's beginnings, you might want to consider a provocative meditation on the nature of reality presented by Stephen Hawking and Leonard Mlodinow in "The (Elusive) Theory of Everything." In just two mind-bending pages they make a compelling case that physicists will never develop an overarching "theory of everything." The universe, they argue, is too complex ever to be tamed by any single theory, no matter how elegant. I don't know what the Inquisitors would have thought about this, but I think house arrest would be the best that Hawking and Mlodinow could hope for.
As exciting as it would be to find evidence of life on other worlds, our own planet abounds with strangeâand disturbingâexamples of the often savage forms life can take. Jill Sisson Quinn's transcendent "Sign Here If You Exist" challenges us to consider what we can learn about the nature of reality, the existence of God, and our notions of immortality from the fierce ichneumon wasp. It's an unforgettable story.
And there are many others in this collection, from Tim Zimmermann's gripping account of a fatal encounter with a killer whale at a marine park to Christopher Ketcham's surprising "New Dog in Town," in which we learn that the resurgence of a certain wily predator may be a sign that something is seriously wrong with wildlife habitat in North America. Mary Roach will tell you more about these and other stories in the pages ahead, and you would be hard-pressed to find a wittier, more knowledgeable guide to the world of science and nature writing in this corner of the Milky Way.
I hope that readers, writers, and editors will nominate their favorite articles for next year's anthology at
. The criteria for submissions and deadlines, and the address to which entries should be sent, can be found in the "news and announcements" forum on my website. Once again this year I'm offering an incentive to enlist readers to scour the nation in search of good science and nature writing: send me an article that I haven't found, and if the article makes it into the anthology, I'll mail you a free copy of next year's edition. I'll sign it, and so will Mary. Right, Mary? I also encourage readers to use the forums to leave feedback about the collection and to discuss all things scientific. The best way for publications to guarantee that their articles are considered for inclusion in the anthology is to place me on their subscription list, using the address posted in the news and announcements section of the forums.