Becoming American: Why Immigration Is Good for Our Nation's Future

BOOK: Becoming American: Why Immigration Is Good for Our Nation's Future
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Becoming American

Becoming American

Why Immigration Is Good for Our Nation’s Future

Fariborz Ghadar

ROWMAN & LITTLEFIELD

Lanham • Boulder • New York • Toronto • Plymouth, UK

Published by Rowman & Littlefield

4501 Forbes Boulevard, Suite 200, Lanham, Maryland 20706

www.rowman.com

10 Thornbury Road, Plymouth PL6 7PP, United Kingdom

Copyright © 2014 by Rowman & Littlefield

All rights reserved.
No part of this book may be reproduced in any form or by any electronic or mechanical means, including information storage and retrieval systems, without written permission from the publisher, except by a reviewer who may quote passages in a review.

British Library Cataloguing in Publication Information Available

Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data

Ghadar, Fariborz.

Becoming American : why immigration is good for our nation’s future / Fariborz Ghadar.

pages cm

Includes bibliographical references and index.

ISBN 978-1-4422-2894-8 (cloth : alk. paper) — ISBN 978-1-4422-2895-5 (electronic) 1. United States—Emigration and immigration—Government policy. 2. Immigrants—Government policy—United States 3. United States—Emigration and immigration—Economic aspects. 4. United States—Emigration and immigration—Social aspects. I. Title.

JV6465.G53 2014

325.73—dc23

2013042436

Printed in the United States of America

Contents

Contents

Acknowledgments

Chapter 1: Beyond the Numbers

Chapter 2: Debunking the Myths

Chapter 3: How Did I Get Here?

Chapter 4: What It Takes to Uproot Yourself

Chapter 5: How Did She Get Here: Margaret Ghadar

Chapter 6: Why Do They Come?

Chapter 7: How Did He Get Here: Zbigniew Brzezinski

Chapter 8: Hard Work Makes for a Successful Career

Chapter 9: How Did He Get Here: Salomon Garay

Chapter 10: Paying It Forward to the U.S. Economy

Chapter 11: How Did He Get Here: Yoon-shik Park

Chapter 12: The Bimodal Nature of Immigrants

Chapter 13: The Lure of Clusters

Chapter 14: A Day in the Life

Chapter 15: Prejudice Exists, But So What?

Chapter 16: Sticking to Your Own May Work, But It’s Not Easy

Chapter 17: Assimilation Is Critical

Chapter 18: Next Generation, and the Next, and the Next

Chapter 19: How Did She Get Here: Otessa Ghadar

Chapter 20: Old Country Is Old

Chapter 21: How Did He Get Here: Michel Amsalem

Chapter 22: Can You Go Home Again?

Chapter 23: Lessons for the Next Generation

Chapter 24: Blueprints for Policymakers

Chapter 25: Would I Do It Again?

References

About the Author

Acknowledgments

B
ecause the significance of the immigration issue has recently been escalating, I have decided to publish
Becoming American: Why Immigration Is Good for Our Nation’s Future
. As an immigrant myself, this topic is extremely close to my heart. While writing my book, I took a unique approach—one that weaves statistics, research, and theory with personal narratives and case studies. The book’s publication has been encouraged by a number of scholars whom I would like to thank for their insight and support. In particular, I thank my Penn State advisory board members: Nabeel Al-Amudi, James Boland, Jim Clay, Gerald Kessler, and Laura Kohler. They, along with Andrew Schwartz from the Center for Strategic and International Studies (CSIS), convinced me that now is the appropriate time to publish my manuscript, and then they encouraged me to do so.

Becoming American
would not have been possible without the help of a competent and enthusiastic core group of four people who served as researchers, writers, and editors throughout its process. I owe my gratitude to Hortense Fong, who was in charge of coordinating the project while also tirelessly researching and editing many of the chapters; and to Kathleen Loughran, who worked closely with Ms. Fong to ensure that the manuscript was well researched and properly edited. I would also like to thank Holly Graff, who was principally responsible for conducting many of the interviews featured in this book. Additionally, Nancy Dull, who (as always) helped to organize many of the documents and sought out permissions for many of the charts, also deserves my appreciation.

Of course, an immigration book largely told through the voices of successful immigrants could not have been completed without the gracious help and participation of those people willing to share their stories. Thus, I would like to thank Michel Amsalem, Zbigniew Brzezinski, Salomon Garay, Margaret Ghadar, Otessa Ghadar, and Yoon-shik Park—all of whom were willing to be interviewed and serve as case studies.

Additionally, I would like to thank my publisher, who saw the potential in the book’s original concept and was willing to help make it a reality. Finally, I would like to thank my wife, Lis Ghadar, for her steadfast support throughout our lives together and for help in finessing
Becoming American
.

1

Beyond the Numbers

N
o one can rightly deny that what helped make America strong—economically, governmentally, politically, and militarily—have been immigrants. They came and continue to come to this country with grand ambitions to succeed in an open and free society—not to ride the dole, not to kick back, but to succeed and to do well.

These virtues were and unfortunately are still not always recognized, particularly in times of national tension or economic stress, when reactionary forces pursue obstacles to block the immigrants’ paths toward assimilation and success.

Our nation’s prosperity, however, is built on the renegade, risk-taking, entrepreneurial concoction of truly American innovation and invention. Wave upon wave of immigrants bought into the American Dream that anything was possible in the United States, and anyone who put in the effort could succeed here.

As an immigrant myself, I know the path an immigrant must take in order to succeed in this country. Additionally, as an academic, entrepreneur, and business consultant, I clearly see that “the continued failure to devise and implement a sound and sustainable immigration policy threatens to weaken America’s economy, to jeopardize its diplomacy, and to imperil its national security.”
1

In an attempt to frame the current immigration debate in real terms, I have put faces on the statistics in order to avoid falling back into knee-jerk positions based on ignorance, fear, and racism. In addition to sharing my own personal experience as an immigrant, I have interviewed a number of immigrants who have not only achieved the success that they originally envisioned, but also who have helped shape our nation in significant and public ways. These immigrants have started companies in traditional as well as brand new fields of endeavor. They have created numerous jobs, have launched new industries, have educated thousands, and have helped grow our economy. Others have had a lasting and significant impact on our public policy roles both domestically and internationally. They have also promoted the privatization of global economies working within U.S. policy; have strengthened our relations with many developing and developed nations, most notably China; and have influenced the direction of the Cold War. Their stories help to flesh out the identity of the immigrant as inspirational innovator.

The results of my research and work are self-evident but nonetheless profound: no matter where you live or how you earn a living, immigrants will have made a significant impact on your life and on your career. They are not only the ones who have shaped the history of the United States but also they are the ones who are shaping our future, and how we treat them will lead to either our success or our downfall. This book is about these forces and their impact on our futures; in it, I have identified some of the key issues to be considered in this hot debate, their implications, and policy considerations for both the government and for the businessperson.

If you are a parent, a CEO, a manager, a student, an entrepreneur, a policymaker, an educator, or simply a concerned citizen (or a number of those things at once), you have important decisions to make and goals you want to achieve. Whether you realize it or not, immigrants will always play a role in each of these areas. My book is a new way of seeing one of the single most important, yet often overlooked, factors in the attempt to navigate the future.

Each of us is a decision maker. As parents, we need to decide whether to enroll our children in French, Spanish, or Chinese. As business leaders, we need to allocate resources, design new products and services, or develop marketing plans. As investors, we ponder whether health care, green technology, or emerging markets are the next growth areas. So as citizens or policymakers, immigration is one of the key issues we need to watch, as it relates to the developments taking place in our communities, our nations, and throughout the world. With proper knowledge, we can help steer all those choices in the best direction. What is more, we need to make those decisions not based on current reality but on the reality that will be in place five to twenty years from now. We cannot fail to address the impact that immigration will have on our future if we want to accurately plan for the reality of our tomorrow.

In this book you will come to know some immigrants and what the experience of being an immigrant has been like from their own perspectives—not just to understand the mind-set of the immigrant, but also to provide the perspective necessary to view the landscape of the future.

NOTE

1. Jeb Bush and Thomas McLarty, “Independent Task Force Report on U.S. Immigration Policy,” Council on Foreign Relations, July 2009,
www.cfr.org/immigration/us-immigration-policy/p20030
(accessed July 10, 2013).

2

Debunking the Myths

B
efore I begin telling my own story and those of other immigrants, I thought it would be helpful to expose some wildly accepted misconceptions about immigration. Here, I have identified seven myths, and through presenting the reality, I hope to aid readers in being able to approach this book with an informed, open mind.

MYTH #1: AMERICA CONTINUES TO BE A NATION OF IMMIGRANTS

While America at one point had a huge influx of immigrants, today the picture is quite different. Although the number of immigrants residing in the United States is almost four times what it was one hundred years ago, the percentage of the total U.S. population (about 13 percent) is not at an all-time high. Indeed, America’s rate of foreign-born population is now on par with that of France and Germany.

When taken as a percentage of the population, illegal immigration is on the decline as well. The number of unauthorized immigrants living in the United States grew during the last decade, rising from 8.4 million in 2000 to 11.1 million in 2011. But this population peaked at 12 million in 2007 and then fell to 11.1 million in 2009.
1
It has remained at that level through 2011, the last year for which an estimate is available.

BOOK: Becoming American: Why Immigration Is Good for Our Nation's Future
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