Authors: Raymond Lamont-Brown
First published in 2005 by Sutton Publishing
The History Press
The Mill, Brimscombe Port
This paperback edition first published in 2006
This ebook edition first published in 2013
All rights reserved
© Raymond Lamont-Brown, 2005, 2013
The right of Raymond Lamont-Brown to be identified as the Author of this work has been asserted in accordance with the Copyrights, Designs and Patents Act 1988.
This ebook is copyright material and must not be copied, reproduced, transferred, distributed, leased, licensed or publicly performed or used in any way except as specifically permitted in writing by the publishers, as allowed under the terms and conditions under which it was purchased or as strictly permitted by applicable copyright law. Any unauthorised distribution or use of this text may be a direct infringement of the author’s and publisher’s rights, and those responsible may be liable in law accordingly.
978 0 7524 9510 1
Original typesetting by The History Press
his volume has been enhanced by a review of the biographical work done on Andrew Carnegie by three writers in particular. The ‘official’ biography,
The Life of Andrew Carnegie
(1932), was written by Burton Jesse Hendrick, and remained the key work until the appearance of the biography
(1970) by Professor Emeritus Joseph Frazier Wall; Wall also wrote a study of Carnegie’s Scottish home at
(1984). In more recent times Peter Krass’s
(2002) has added and expanded biographical research on Carnegie. Funded by Carnegie’s daughter Margaret Carnegie Miller, Burton J. Hendrick wrote a biography of Mrs Carnegie,
Louise Whitfield Carnegie
(1950), which was completed after Hendrick’s death by Daniel Henderson. In 2000 Linda Thorell Hills, great-granddaughter of Andrew Carnegie, edited the journals of Carnegie’s daughter for private circulation. Simon Goodenough produced an important work on Carnegie’s trusts and foundations in
The Greatest Good Fortune: Andrew Carnegie’s Gift for Today
(1985). To each of these writers I offer my gratitude for a sight of their research.
Much assistance has been given in compiling the book by the following, all of whom receive my indebtedness: Mrs Lorna Owers, Administration Manager, Andrew Carnegie Birthplace Museum; the Earl of Elgin & Kincardine, KT; Mr M. Farmer, Principal, Kilgraston School, Perth; The Carnegie Dunfermline & Hero Fund Trustees, and the Carnegie Trust, both at Dunfermline. Mr Angus McLaren, Club Captain of the Carnegie Club, Skibo, Sutherland, has also rendered important assistance on Carnegie’s Scottish ‘heaven on earth’. A special thank-you goes to Mr William Thomson, great-grandson of Andrew Carnegie, for information and advice on the Carnegie family past and present. A particular appreciation is expressed to my wife Dr E. Moira Lamont-Brown, who has acted as companion and helper on my tours of Scotland in search of Carnegie’s ‘Scottishness’.
: Each is identified
for ownership. Grateful thanks are offered to Laura Whitton of the Picture Library, National Portrait Gallery, London, for tracing and identifying images.
: Every effort has been made to trace the copyright holders of works quoted in the text, although the death of authors and reversion of rights often makes this difficult; however, each quote is sourced in the notes. Thanks for granting permission to quote from their copyright works are due to Peter Krass, Linda Thorell Hills and William Smith of Oxford University Press Inc., New York, on behalf of the Joseph Frazier Wall volumes. In 1986 Northeastern University Press (Houghton Mifflin Co.), Boston, produced a new edition of Andrew Carnegie’s autobiography. Carnegie’s original publisher – Charles Scribner’s Sons – is now a part of Simon & Schuster Trade Division, New York.
25 November. Andrew Carnegie born at Dunfermline, Fife.
Carnegie begins informal education alongside his cousin Dod with uncle George Lauder.
Carnegie attends Robert Martin’s Lancaster School, Rolland Street, Dunfermline.
Father William Carnegie’s handloom weaving business fails.
17 May. Carnegies leave for America.
Carnegie starts work as messenger at O’Reilly Telegraphs.
Carnegie progresses to telegraph operator.
Carnegie becomes personal telegraph operator and private secretary to Thomas A. Scott, Superintendent of the Western Division of the Pennsylvania Railroad.
2 October. Death of father, William Carnegie.
Carnegie purchases stock in the Adams Express Co.
Carnegie signs deal with the Woodruff Sleeping Car Co.
21 November. Carnegie becomes Superintendent of the Western Division of the Pennsylvania Railroad Co.
12 April. American Civil War breaks out; Carnegie organises railroads and telegraph communications on a war footing.
Carnegie and his mother visit Scotland.
26 April. American Civil War ends.
Returns to America.
April. Carnegie and others organise Keystone Telegraph Co. Carnegie and his mother move to St Nicholas Hotel, New York.
1 December. Carnegie, Kloman & Phillips manufacture steel.
Carnegie in Europe.
5 November. New company formed to forge steel.
Trip to Dunfermline.
24 October. Carnegie takes trip around the world aboard SS
Midsummer, back in America.
Carnegie meets Louise Whitfield.
1 April. Carnegie Bros & Co. Ltd formally established.
Coach trip to Europe.
Trip to Britain.
October. Carnegie gravely ill with typhoid fever. Death of only brother Tom Carnegie.
22 April. Marriage to Louise Whitfield. Leases Kilgraston House, near Perth.
Leases Cluny Estate, near Kingussie.
1 July. Foundation of Carnegie Steel Co.
30 March. Birth of Carnegie’s only child, Margaret.
23 June. Foundation stone laid of new part of Skibo.
Carnegie Co. established.
Carnegie and family tour Mediterranean sites.
Christmas Eve. Carnegie purchases the entire Pittencrieff estate, Dunfermline.
3 August. Creation of Carnegie Dunfermline Trust.
Carnegie Corporation of New York founded.
22 April. Margaret Carnegie marries Roswell Miller.