Read Finding Arthur Online

Authors: Adam Ardrey

Tags: #HIS000000; HIS015000; BIO014000; BIO000000; BIO006000

Finding Arthur

BOOK: Finding Arthur
3.19Mb size Format: txt, pdf, ePub
ads
A
LSO BY
A
DAM
A
RDREY
Finding Merlin
:
The Truth Behind the Legend of the Great Arthurian Mage

Copyright

This edition first published in hardcover in the United States and the United Kingdom in 2013

by Overlook Duckworth, Peter Mayer Publishers, Inc.

N
EW
Y
ORK

141 Wooster Street

New York, NY 10012

www.overlookpress.com

For bulk and special sales, please contact
[email protected]
,

or write us at the above address.

L
ONDON

30 Calvin Street

London E1 6NW

[email protected]

www.ducknet.co.uk

Copyright © 2013 by Adam Ardrey

All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopy, recording, or any information storage and retrieval system now known or to be invented, without permission in writing from the publisher, except by a reviewer who wishes to quote brief passages in connection with a review written for inclusion in a magazine, newspaper, or broadcast.

ISBN: 978-1-4683-0843-3

For Dorothy-Anne, Claudia, Kay, and Eliot
Contents
A
LSO BY
A
DAM
A
RDREY
C
OPYRIGHT
M
APS
C
HRONOLOGY
G
LOSSARY OF
N
AMES
I
NTRODUCTION
1.
   
The Four Horsemen of History
2.
   
The Would-Be Arthurs
3.
   
Why Arthur Is Lost to History
4.
   
A Fragmented Kingdom
5.
   
La Naissance d’Arthur
6.
   
The Sword in the Stone
7.
   
Camelot
8.
   
The Scottish Civil War
9.
   
The Great Angle War

10.
   
The Legend Is Born

11.
   
Finding Camlann: The Last Battle

E
PILOGUE
: Á
RYA
B
IBLIOGRAPHY
L
IST OF
A
BBREVIATIONS
N
OTES
A
CKNOWLEDGMENTS
I
NDEX
About the Author

Argyll, Scotland

The Nennius Battles

A. G
LEIN
(A
RGYLL
)
B. T
HE
F
OUR
B
ATTLES OF
D
OUGLAS
(L
OCH
L
OMOND
)
C. B
ASSAS
(C
IRCENN
-C
HIRCHIND
-C
ARPOW
)
D. C
ALEDONIAN
W
OOD
E. G
UINNION
(S
TOW
)
F. C
ITY OF THE
L
EGIONS
(T
RIMONTIUM
, M
ELROSE
)
G. T
RIBRUIT
(R
IVER
T
EVIOT
)
H. B
REGUION
/ A
GNED
(B
ENDERLOCH
)
I. B
ADON’S
(B
ADDEN
, A
RGYLL
)
Chronology

 

 

 

 

 

 

410

The Romans leave Britain.

c. 475 to c. 548

The traditional time of Arthur.

c. 500

Fergus Mor Mac Erc, Arthur’s great-great-grandfather, invades Argyll and becomes king of the Scots of Dalriada-Scotland.

c. 501

Death of Fergus—Domangart Mac Fergus, Arthur’s great-grandfather becomes king of the Scots.

c. 507

Death of Domangart—Comgall Mac Domangart, Arthur’s great-granduncle, becomes king of the Scots.

c. 525

Gabhran Mac Domangart, Arthur’s grandfather arrives in Manau.

c. 530

Birth of Aedan Mac Gabhran, Arthur’s father.

c. 538

Comgall Mac Domangart, Arthur’s great granduncle, abdicates—Gabhran Mac Domangart, Arthur’s grandfather, becomes king of the Scots.

c. 540

Birth of Merlin-Lailoken and his twin-sister, Languoreth, at Cadzow-Hamilton.

c. 544

The Angles arrive under the warlord Ida.

547

Ida stages a coup and founds the Angle kingdom of Bernicia.

553

Emrys leads resistance to the Angles.

c. 557

Emrys takes the title
Pen Dragon
.

c. 558

Arthur’s grandfather, Gabhran Mac Domangart, king of the Scots, defeated by Bridei Mac Maelchon, king of the Picts. Gabhran dies this year or perhaps the following year. Conall Mac Comgall, Arthur’s second cousin once removed, becomes king of the Scots.

c. 559

Birth of Arthur Mac Aedan (Arthur).

c. 563

Gwenddolau becomes the second
Pen Dragon
, the “other” or
Uther Pendragon
.

563

Columba-Crimthann arrives in Scotland.

c. 568

The rebel lords rise against Conall, king of the Scots. Columba-Crimthann is given Iona.

c. 570

Aedan, Arthur’s father, becomes king of Manau.

573

Battle of Arderydd. Merlin goes into exile in the Caledonian Wood.

574

Aedan, Arthur’s father, becomes king of the Scots of Dalriada. Arthur takes the sword from the stone and becomes tanist and warlord of the Scots.

c. 574 to c. 575

Scots civil war—Battle of Delgon and Arthur’s Battle of Glein.

575 to 576

The Council of Drumceatt.

c. 577 to c. 580

Arthur’s four Battles of Douglas.

c. late-570s

Arthur kills Hueil the brother of Gildas.

c. 580

Merlin returns from exile. The Orkney campaign of Aedan, Arthur’s father.

c. 584

The Battle of Bassas—Arthur defeats the Miathi-Pictish king, Bridei Mac Maelchon.

c. 586

Part one of the Great Angle War—Arthur is victorious in every battle:

Campaign of the Caledonian Wood

The Battle of the Caledonian Wood
The Battle of Guinnion
The Battle of the City of the Legions
The Battle of Tribruit.

c. 588

Part two of the Great Angle War—Arthur is victorious in both battles:

The Badon Campaign

Battle of Agned-Breguoin
Battle of Badon.

c. 592

Death of Muluag of Lismore.

593

Death of Éoganán Mac Gabhran, Arthur’s uncle.

c. 596

Battle of Camlann and the death of Arthur.

597

Death of Columba-Crimthann.

c. 598

Gildas completes
De Excidio Britanniae
. Battle of Catterick in which the Angles defeat the Gododdin.

c. 600

Merlin-Lailoken is forced from court by Saint Mungo Kentigern.

c. 603

Battle of Degaston at which the Angles defeat Aedan’s army and the man now called Lancelot.

c. 603 to c. 608

Death of Aedan, Arthur’s father.

612

Death of Rhydderch, king of Strathclyde, and of Saint Mungo Kentigern.

c. 615

The Angles cut Britain in two at Chester or Carlisle.

c. 618

Death of Merlin-Lailoken.

c. 830

Nennius completes
Historia Brittonum
.

c. 1136

Geoffrey of Monmouth publishes
Historia Regum Britanniae
(
History of the Kings of Britain
).

1152

Geoffrey of Monmouth becomes bishop of St. Asaph.

1485

Thomas Malory publishes
Le Morte d’Arthur
.

BOOK: Finding Arthur
3.19Mb size Format: txt, pdf, ePub
ads

Other books

Fever for Three by Talbot, Julia
Ruin Falls by Jenny Milchman
Next Episode by Hubert Aquin
Murder at the Opera by Margaret Truman
Ship of Fire by Michael Cadnum