LEMON SHERBET AND DOLLY BLUE
The Story of an Accidental Family
First published in hardback in Great Britain in 2011
by Atlantic Books, an imprint of Atlantic Books Ltd.
Copyright Â© Lynn Knight 2011
The moral right of Lynn Knight to be identified as the author of this work has been asserted by her in accordance with the Copyright, Designs and Patents Acts of 1988.
All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, or otherwise, without the prior permission of both the copyright owner and the above publisher of this book.
Every effort has been made to trace or contact all copyright holders. The publishers will be pleased to make good any omissions or rectify any mistakes brought to their attention at the earliest opportunity.
1 3 5 7 9 8 6 4 2
A CIP catalogue record for this book is available from the British Library.
ISBN: 978 184887 416 9
eBook ISBN: 978 0 85789 574 5
Printed in Great Britain
An Imprint of Atlantic Books Ltd
26â27 Boswell Street
For my brother
who shares this history with me
Cast of Characters
Drawing of Wheeldon Mill
List of Illustrations
1Â Â Â I Deliver My Son
2Â Â Â Brasso and Dolly Blue
3Â Â Â Pick Me
4Â Â Â Eva Nash, 1909
5Â Â Â Turn and Turn-about
6Â Â Â A Garden Party and a Wedding Invitation
7Â Â Â Goodbyes, 1914â16
8Â Â Â Oh Dear! What a Dreadful War
9Â Â Â Tea for Two
10Â Â Â Modern Times
11Â Â Â Motherless Mites
12Â Â Â Cora
13Â Â Â Nobody's Sweetheart
14Â Â Â Afternoon Visiting
15Â Â Â Back to the Racecourse
16Â Â Â Oh Romany, I See the Camp Fires Burning
17Â Â Â Woolworth's Gems and Saturday Treats
18Â Â Â Chocolate Fudge for Alice Faye
19Â Â Â Fast Cars and Darker Stories
20Â Â Â Wartime Snow and Ice 303
21Â Â Â Shoot Straight, Lady
22Â Â Â Silver Shoes
23Â Â Â Endings and Beginnings
24Â Â Â Beginnings and Endings
AcknowledgementsCast of Characters
Richard Dorance Nash, Dick â my great-grandfather
Betsy Nash (nÃ©e Ward) â my great-grandma
Annie Dorrans Nash â my grandma
Willie Thompson â my grandfather
(Doris) Eva Nash â Annie's sister, my great-aunt
Cora Thompson â my mum
THE FAMILIES âBEHIND' THE FAMILY
Thomas and Sarah Walker â fairground people
â their son, who becomes
Richard Dorance Nash
Joseph and Mary Nash â Richard's adoptive parents; my great-great-grandparents
William Nash â Joseph and Mary's son (also the name given to Richard's nephew and his young son, both of whom visit the corner shop)
Thomas Martin â collier, Eva's father
Emily Ball â Eva's mother
Nellie Martin â daughter
Kitty Martin /Ball â daughter
Margaret Martin /Ball â daughter
Annie Martin /Ball
â youngest daughter, who becomes
(Doris) Eva Nash
Jessie Mee â Cora's birth mother
Mrs Sedgwick â her employer
Frances M. Wood (nÃ©e Mee) â Jessie's married sister
â my mum â becomes
FAMILY CONNECTIONS AND SUNDAY VISITORS
Annie Wardle (nÃ©e Ward) â Betsy's oldest sister, a former ladies' maid
George Walter Hardcastle â friend of family; sweet on Annie
Annie Wardle's son Jack â killed, First World War
Annie Wardle's son Charlie â invalided out, First World War
Edie Wardle â Charlie's wife
Liza â Betsy's youngest and favourite sister
SOME FRIENDS AND NEIGHBOURS AT WHEELDON MILL
Florrie Stokes â neighbour and mother of Annie's friend Ethel Ethel Stokes â Florrie's daughter, Annie's lifelong friend and childhood defender
Rolly Cook â Ethel's second husband (also the name of Ethel's son)
Nora Parks â collier's wife
Edna Parks â one of Nora's daughters, marries Clem Stokes
Kathleen Driver â soaps the stairs
Clara Tissington â neighbour (lives higher up the hill)
Zoe Graham â publican's daughter, Annie's childhood friend Carrie Rice â Eva's lifelong friend
Mildred Taylor â collier's wife, has pony-driver sons
Jimmy Frith â neighbour; shell-shocked, First World War
Maud Cartwright â back-door visitor to corner shop
Pearl Cartwright â Maud's daughter; Saturday visitor to corner shop
Clem Stokes â one of Ethel's brothers; injured First World War, marries Edna Parks
Georgie, Katie and Punka Stokes â some of Clem and Edna's children
Charles/Charlie Parks â Edna Stokes' brother and lodger
Jim Thompson â Willie's brother and employer; Mayor of Chesterfield 1939â40
Edith Thompson â his wife
Bernard and Ida Thompson â Willie's brother and wife; Ida works in Derbyshire's outfitter's, Whittington Moor
NEIGHBOURS RACECOURSE ROAD
Mrs Blake â trusted next-door neighbour
Grace and Tommy Blake â two of Mrs Blake's children; Cora's playmates
for a discussion of the variants in the spelling of my great-grandfather's name
MOST NAMES HAVE BEEN CHANGED
List of Illustrations
p.10Â Â Â Â Â Spoof Race Card, Chesterfield Races, November 1863.
p.19Â Â Â Â Â My great-grandfather's adoption document.
p.31Â Â Â Â Â Memoriam Card for Mary Elizabeth, my great-grandparents' first child.
p.32Â Â Â Â Â My great-grandparents, Betsy and Dick, with my grandma, Annie.
p.35Â Â Â Â Â The construction of Linacre's third reservoir. Dick, the foreman, is standing in the centre, arms folded.
p.36Â Â Â Â Â A studio portrait of Betsy.
p.39Â Â Â Â Â Wheeldon Mill
p.49Â Â Â Â Â Advertisement for âDolly Blue, Dolly Tints, Dolly Fast Dyes'.
p.58Â Â Â Â Â Annie, grammar-school girl.
p.67Â Â Â Â Â Chesterfield Industrial School, photographed by Nadin, a Chesterfield photographer.
p.70Â Â Â Â Â List of Christmas presents received for the children of the Chesterfield Children's Homes, 29 December 1903.
p.80Â Â Â Â Â Annie and my great-aunt, Eva, shortly after Eva joined the family.
p.80Â Â Â Â Â Annie and Eva on the Christmas card my great-grandparents sent to celebrate Eva's first Christmas with them.
p.85Â Â Â Â Â A studio portrait of Eva a few years after her adoption.
p.93Â Â Â Â Â Young men outside the corner shop shortly before the First World War brought death to the neighbourhood.
p.99Â Â Â Â Â Annie (seated, far left) with some of her fellow pupil-teachers â though not George â and staff, Netherthorpe Grammar School. Headmaster, Miall Spencer, is also sitting on the front row.
p.104Â Â Â Jim Thompson and party in 1915, celebrating his political success. Thompson's cake shop (with awning) is on the left.
p.105Â Â Â The second silent postcard with which Willie wooed Annie, featuring Thompson's bakery cart.
p.109Â Â Â Wartime advertisement for Sunlight Soap,
, 4 November 1916.
p.111Â Â Â My grandparents shortly before their marriage.
p.111Â Â Â One of the First World War cards George sent to Eva from the French Front.
p.112Â Â Â Newly-married Annie.
p.125Â Â Â âConquer or Die', another of George's wartime cards.
p.132Â Â Â Sheik's sons, photographed by Willie.
p.133Â Â Â Willie (right) and fellow combatant in the Middle East.
p.137Â Â Â The silk handkerchief Annie embroidered.
p.138Â Â Â The swan pen-wipe.
p.141Â Â Â The musical box from one of Dick's âbig house' sales.
p.147Â Â Â Annie and Willie in the bakehouse yard behind the cake shop.
p.151Â Â Â Betsy and Eva on the doorstep of the corner shop towards the close of a long, hard day.
p.154Â Â Â Autumn fashions on sale at Swallow's, September 1923.
p.155Â Â Â Cover of
Fancy Needlework Illustrated
p.158Â Â Â Dick, resting his arm on the engine, in his Sheepbridge days.
p.164Â Â Â Dick in the wood with his chickens.
p.179Â Â Â Drawing of Tower Cressy by Frank Emanuel.
p.185Â Â Â Classified advertisements for domestic servants,
, 7 July 1927.
p.190Â Â Â Willie's photograph of Tower Cressy.
p.191Â Â Â Clara Andrew and babies in the garden at Tower Cressy.
p.192Â Â Â NCAA instructions given to Annie and Willie.
p.197Â Â Â Annie with my mum.
p.200Â Â Â My mum's second-birthday photograph, with her teddy bear and a cake baked by Willie.
p.204Â Â Â My mum doing a dance for her dad (a âdonkey stone' is on the window ledge).
p.212Â Â Â Eva.
p.219Â Â Â âCome Out of the kitchen!' Advertisement for the Parkinson New Suburbia Gas Cooker, circa 1930s.
p.222Â Â Â A daytrip to the seaside: Betsy and Annie with my mum.
p.227Â Â Â My mum's fourth-birthday photograph.
p.232Â Â Â My mum with her doll's pram and Sooty the cat in the back garden at Racecourse Road (Willie's sturdy gate is to the right).
p.239Â Â Â Joan Mason.
p.241Â Â Â My mum (right) with a fellow pupil of the Joan Mason Dancing School, performing a minuet.
p.250Â Â Â Dick with his friend Mr Woolley in the wood.