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Authors: Blaise Cendrars

Tags: #Biography & Autobiography, #General, #Literary Criticism, #European, #French, #Travel, #Essays & Travelogues

Planus

Planus
by Blaise Cendrars

Edited and translated from the French by Nina Rootes

 

 

93, 041 Words

 

This second volume of an amazing autobiographical series to be published in English is full of verve, humour and excitement. The inimitable Cendrars recounts his adventures in various parts of Europe, including a hilarious visit to a brothel, his voyage as a deck-hand in a Greek dinghy smuggling wine into Italy, a great brawl in an Amsterdam restaurant and his meeting with Remy de Gourmont. And he tops up this rich pot-pourri with personal anecdotes about Picasso, Modigliani and others.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

TRANSLATOR'S NOTE

The French title of Blaise Cendrars's long work,
Bourlinguer
, is virtually untranslatable into English. It means 'to knock about the world, to lead an adventurous life' and has also a nautical connotation. In looking for an English title, I took the cue from Cendrars himself, and the reader will find the explanation of 'Planus' on page 45 of the present edition.

In cutting the work down to the length suggested by the publishers, I have tried to omit whole sections which are self-contained in the French original rather than nibble piecemeal at the text. I regret the loss of many pieces, but the heart and soul of the book are still here, and I have not allowed myself to lose sight of the two main themes: life and books.

I have reversed the sequence of two parts, so that 'Antwerp' now precedes 'Corunna'. The latter is in the way of a digression and, in my view, less suitable as an opening section than the former. The part now entitled 'Naples' appeared as 'Genes' (Genoa) in the French edition. My reason for making this substitution is that the bulk of the material in this section concerns Naples (the episodes in Genoa occur only at the end) and Cendrars himself might well have called it 'Naples' if he had not already used that as the title of another piece, not included in the present volume.

My humble apologies to the ghost of Cendrars for tampering with his work. But I hope this shortened version will introduce many readers to the delights of his writing, who perhaps would have been deterred by a longer and more discursive book.

 

 

 

Epigraphs

 

 

 

Ama et fac quod vis!

 

 

"It was a melancholy humour, and consequently a humour most alien to my natural temperament, produced only by the affliction of solitude in which I have been plunged for some years past, that first put into my head this notion of writing. Furthermore, finding myself entirely empty and devoid of any other material, I havetaken myself both as argument and subject-matter. It is a wild and monstrous plan. Indeed, the very oddity of it is the only point worthy of note, for, to such a vain and worthless subject, even the finest craftsman in the world could give neither form nor content of any merit whatsoever."

 

Montaigne

 

 

 

To Jacques-Henri Levesque, poetry-lover, who is today prospecting in New York

 

--- Blaise

 

 

DOWN AND OUT

 

Among the many scandalmongers in Paris there is the type who, once you have given up living in the capital, comes to visit you in the country, tracking you down even as far the Midi, and then, under pretext of his admiration for your work and his own passionate addiction to literature, proceeds to waste your time by telling you nothing but stale gossip and spiteful tittle-tattle. One of these backbiters told me that t'Serstevens was spreading nasty stories about me.

'I am amazed at t'Serstevens doing such a thing. He's an old pal of mine. What's he saying, then?'

'He says you are outrageous, Cendrars, and claims you are the only man he's ever known who is capable of getting the goods on tick in a brothel!'

I threw the bloody fool out and wrote to t'Ser to find out what it was all about. T'Ser, who is in fact my oldest companion in letters, reminded me by return post that I had told him, in 1912 or 1913, how I frequented the little brothel on the rue Mazet and had a free doss there.

He had got his facts muddled; this happened to me in 1910 at Julia's establishment in Antwerp, in the port, and not in rue Mazet, where there was only one woman available, Madeleine the Scissors, a Jewess as lame as the Spanish Venus, vindictive and grasping. She gave rapid service, since, working alone, she had no time to waste between one ring at the doorbell and the next. The local painters queued up outside her door, and to tell the truth, Madeleine the Scissors was a real bungler a la Goya; but at Julia's place in Antwerp, in 1910, it was all very pleasant and easy-going, the house was well patronized, nobody badgered you to get on with the job, and there was time to chat with the girls, who sat about knitting, just as if they were at home with their families; there was a cheerful, friendly atmosphere and we even took the girls out for a stroll round the town, or in the country, and let me say straight out what kind of credit I enjoyed at Julia's: I had a room, a room which the Madame had put at my disposal thanks to the intercession of a girl, a room which in theory I rented but in fact never paid for as I hadn't a sou; a room, yes, I had a room, on tick, in a brothel in the port, but I slept there alone, for, in every country in the world, the charity, generosity and tenderheartedness of the girls, indeed the infatuation one of them may have for you, or the romantic interest she feels towards a client, stops short, if I may put it this way, with the flirtation at the door. Well, what can you expect — business is business, and the girls have their principles and you would have to be a Tolstoy to believe otherwise. Ah! These men of letters in their ivory towers, the things they imagine! You can screw the whole world free of charge, but not one whore in a whore-house, unless you are her pimp, but then in his own way a pimp is still an upholder of the law, which my friend Korzakow and I most assuredly were not. In Belgium in 1910, Korzakow and I were down and out together, joking, grousing, brawling, making fun of everything, as free as a couple of emancipated slaves, and cynically preferring a bottle of cognac, even the non-vintage stuff, to a well-staffed brothel, the bottle taking the place, for us, of guiding light and conscience. Nevertheless, it was at the beginning of that winter of 1910, in Antwerp, that my friend Korzakow was to leave me, take a wife for himself and settle down, as they say. As for me, after enjoying the famous room at Julia's for a while, I was to sign on with the Uranium Steamship Company, whose registered offices were in Amsterdam, and to shepherd the most wretched emigrants from Europe, from Libau to New York, which meant that I saw in the New Year in St John's, Newfoundland. But that is another story. . . . That is the beauty of a port — once you are clear of the boom, a ship can carry you anywhere, to the Antipodes. It can circle the planet before bringing you back within sight of the lighthouse, twinkling like a lamp in the family circle, a red light bearing a high number, or a bottle of non-vintage cognac, and there is Antwerp in the fog, you are back once more in…

 

ANTWERP 

 

He was a sailor from the Black Sea who had taken part in the mutiny on the battleship
Potemkin
and had deserted. He often spoke to me of Lieutenant Schmidt and Maria Spiridonowa, and even carried her photograph on him; but then, what Russian at that time had not been more or less involved in the revolution of 1905-8, and photographs of the heroic martyr were on sale in aid of the relief fund for revolutionary socialist emigrants. I no longer remember how I got mixed up with Korzakow. He was a regular at the bar on the rue Cujas, the 'Faux-Monnayeurs' bar, and so was I, and there were a good hundred of us, all more or less dubious characters, who made ourselves at home in this establishment, coming and going, hanging about night and day in a room to one side of the bar, standing up, hat on head, as if we were in a synagogue (there was a strong Jewish element), making a human hedge round the tables where ferocious card-games went on, anarchists yapped at each other, their arguments flaring up constantly like a blazing fire, taxi-drivers spent the night in mysterious confabulations, students from the Sorbonne pored over their textbooks, and there was not a woman to be seen, except the simpering little soldiers of the Salvation Army who tried to palm off their silly rag on us — it was fit for nothing but wiping your arse — and the sibylline and sibilant touts, the 'comrades' who sold brochures on birth-control and the rights of unmarried mothers, the night-owls of the Boul' Mich', mute, grubby, intoxicated, reeking of absinthe, and the famished creatures who outnumbered those lucky devils who were eating a plate of sauerkraut, a sandwich, a plateful of mussels, onion soup, hot sausages, a sou's worth of chips in a paper cone or a saucerful of winkles, the bums feverishly chewing peanut shells to appease their chronic hunger-pangs, the cadgers standing downwind from a smoker to inhale the smoke drifting from his pipe, and certain poor wretches so worn out from tramping day and night in pouring rain through the interminable streets of Paris that no sooner were they inside the overheated bar than they pissed themselves out of sheer exhaustion. They sat there dripping. That was poverty. A sediment. A human substance precipitating in suspension.

Suddenly the pigeons from the Luxembourg Gardens swooped down into the square and then flew off again when a little train passed by on its way to Les Halles.

The dawn was blue.

 

. . . And I was already such a bad poet

 

That I did not know how to push things to the limit. . . .

 

At the bar of the 'Faux-Monnayeurs' Korzakow was considered to be a swindler without honour (there are some honest crooks!) and a terrible cheat at cards (he was not the only one!). In a general way, he was feared, for it was said that he had a screw loose. It was rumoured that there had been a woman in his life, a woman who had tricked him, gobbled him up and betrayed him, a police toady who had shopped him and had him arrested, and this was what had made him 'savage' as they say in white-slavers' jargon of a dealer who has been marked by a woman and, because of this, can never hope to join the 'regulars'. But he was also respected in the bar, on account of his knowledge of science, for it was said on the rue Cujas that he had been a student of chemistry or electro- physics, and it was whispered that he knew how to manufacture bombs and handle explosives. Had he had a hand in the affair of the false gold louis, which had revolutionized the Latin Quarter because of the number of young men from respectable families who were involved in the plot, and who came to add their lustre to the bar in the rue Cujas? Rumour said so, but then, what did rumour
not
say in that bar full of suspects and old lags? (I would have given a great deal to know what they said about me — I must have cut an odd figure there.)

Whatever the facts of the matter, I remember that someone referred me to Korzakow to help a young Russian student do a moonlight flit. Xenia wanted to leave her lover. (Darling Xenia, how beautiful she was at that time! I met her thirty years later, running a small modern art gallery, near the Etoile, and if time had withered her a little, she still had the same wicked eyes and that cooing voice, that warm voice that Russian women have, which seems to come from the most intimate depths of their flesh and is their sole charm, for you never get tired of listening to them speak, even if you don't understand a word of the language.) In short, I made an appointment with Korzakow and arranged that I would act as watchdog.

It was eleven o'clock at night. I was keeping watch a stone's throw from the commissariat of police, at the place du Pantheon. Korzakow turned up with half a dozen sailors and three handcarts which he parked on the pavement. The whole crew disappeared into the Hotel des Grands Hommes. A second later, the shutters of a fourth-floor window flew open with a clatter and a light came on. Korzakow's crew started lowering Xenia's luggage down at the end of long ropes, while more cases and trunks began to descend from different windows, opening on all floors of the building; other shutters flew open, other lights went on and off, and one member of the crew remained on the pavement below to load the luggage pell-mell on to the handcarts. As I stood watching all this, I had the impression that the hotel was being sacked and looted. But I did not have time to stand about gaping, for the operation was already finished, the barrows had disappeared, the fellows had gone off at the double, and we all met up again at a wine merchant's on the rue Dupeyron, behind the Faculty of Medicine, each with a glass in his hand and a little lolly in his pocket; then Xenia arrived in a fiacre, smiling and with all her baggage in order; Korzakow jumped into the carriage and . . . giddee-up! away they went towards place Danton, the two of them entwined like lovers. ... It was like a pantomime or a conjuring trick. I have never seen a play so beautifully stage-managed. They threw us out, the wine merchant closed the shutters and turned off the gas. The fellows scattered. And no one was any the wiser. The whole affair had lasted half an hour. I stood there alone, somewhat at a loss. A black cat rubbed itself against my leg, purring loudly.

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