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Authors: Stewart O'Nan

The Vietnam Reader

BOOK: The Vietnam Reader
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STEWART O’NAN’s
award-winning fiction includes the story collection
In the Walled City,
recipient of the Drue Heinz Literature Prize in 1993, and the novels
Snow Angels, The Names of the Dead, The Speed Queen,
and most recently,
A World Away.
Named by
Granta
as one of America’s Twenty Best Young Novelists in 1996, he is the author of the screenplay for
Going After Cacciato.
He has taught English and Vietnam Literature at Trinity College, and lives in Avon, Connecticut, with his wife and children.
By Stewart O’Nan
In the Walled City
Snow Angels
The Names of the Dead
The Speed Queen
A World Away
As Editor
On Writers and Writing
by John Gardner
Contents
Map of Vietnam
Introduction
Chronology of the War
1 • GREEN
R
OBIN
M
OORE

The Green Berets
(1965)
T
IM
O’
BRIEN

If I Die in a Combat Zone
(1973)
T
IM
O’
BRIEN

Going After Cacciato
(1978)
2 • EARLY WORK
D
AVID
H
ALBERSTAM

one very hot day
(1967)
T
IM
O’
BRIEN

If I Die in a Combat Zone
(1973)
M
ICHAEL
C
ASEY

Obscenities
(1972)
D
AVID
R
ABE

Sticks and Bones
(1969)
From
Demilitarized Zones,
J
AN
B
ARRY
and W. D. E
HRHART
, Editors (1976)
3 • FIRST WAVE OF MAJOR WORK
R
ON
K
OVIC

Born on the Fourth of July
(1976)
J
AMES
W
EBB

Fields of Fire
(1978)
P
HILIP
C
APUTO

A Rumor of War
(1977)
M
ICHAEL
H
ERR

Dispatches
(1977)
T
IM
O’
BRIEN

Going After Cacciato
(1978)
4 • FIRST WAVE OF MAJOR FILMS
The Deer Hunter, Coming Home, Apocalypse Now
5 • SONGS
“The Ballad of the Green Berets” • B
ARRY
S
ADLER AND
R
OBIN
M
OORE
(1966)
“I-Feel-Like-I’m-Fixin’-to-Die Rag” • C
OUNTRY
J
OE
M
CDONALD
(1965)
“Fortunate Son” • C
REEDENCE
C
LEARWATER
R
EVIVAL
/J
OHN
F
OGERTY
(1969)
“The Unknown Soldier” • T
HE
D
OORS
/J
IM
M
ORRISON
(1968)
“What’s Going On” • M
ARVIN
G
AYE
(1971)
“War” • E
DWIN
S
TARR
(1970)
“Born in the U.S.A.” • B
RUCE
S
PRINGSTEEN
(1984)
“The Big Parade” • 10,000 M
ANIACS
/N
ATALIE
M
ERCHANT
(1989)
6 • THE ORAL HISTORY BOOM
M
ARK
B
AKER

Nam
(1981)
W
ALLACE
T
ERRY

Bloods
(1984)
K
EITH
W
ALKER

A Piece of My Heart
(1985)
From
Dear America: Letters Home from Vietnam,
B
ERNARD
E
DELMAN
, Editor (1985)
A
L
S
ANTOLI

Everything We Had
(1981)
7 • SECOND WAVE OF MAJOR WORK
J
OHN
M. D
EL
V
ECCHIO

The 13th Valley
(1982)
S
TEPHEN
W
RIGHT

Meditations in Green
(1983)
L
ARRY
H
EINEMANN

Paco’s Story
(1986)
8 • SECOND WAVE OF MAJOR FILMS
Platoon, Full Metal Jacket
9 • MEMOIRS
R
ONALD
J. G
LASSER
, M.D. •
365 Days
(1971)
F
REDERICK
D
OWNS

The Killing Zone
(1978)
R
OBERT
M
ASON

Chickenhawk
(1983)
M
ICHAEL
L
EE
L
ANNING

The Only War We Had
(1987)
10 • MASTERWORK
T
IM
O’
BRIEN

The Things They Carried
(1990)
11 • HOMECOMING
L
ARRY
H
EINEMANN

Paco’s Story
(1986)
L
OUISE
E
RDRICH

Love Medicine
(1984)
From
Carrying the Darkness,
W. D. E
HRHART
, Editor (1985)
B
RUCE
W
EIGL
• A
Romance
(1985),
The Monkey Wars
(1979),
What Saves Us
(1992)
T
IM
O’
BRIEN

The Things They Carried
(1990)
12 • MEMORY
Y
USEF
K
OMUNYAKAA

Dien Cai Dau
(1988)
B
OBBIE
A
NN
M
ASON

In Country
(1985)
K
EVIN
B
OWEN
• “Incoming” (1994)
T
IM
O’
BRIEN

In the Lake of the Woods
(1994)
J
OHN
B
ALABAN
• “Mr. Giai’s Poem” (1991)
13 • THE WALL
W. D. E
HRHART
• “The Invasion of Grenada” (1984)
S
TEWART
O’
NAN

The Names of the Dead
(1996)
Y
USEF
K
OMUNYAKAA

Dien Cai Dau
(1988)
Glossary
Selected Additional Bibliography
Selected Additional Filmography
Reading Questions
Acknowledgments

The Vietnam Reader

June 1963. To protest South Vietnamese President Diem’s anti-Buddhist policies, a monk immolates himself in the middle of a busy Saigon street.

Introduction
A few years ago when I began teaching the American literature of the Vietnam War, I tried to find an anthology my students could use—a book that collected all the major work in one place. This didn’t seem far-fetched; the war had been over for twenty years, and thousands of books had been written about it. But as I searched through libraries and catalogues, new- and used-book shops, I discovered there wasn’t one.
Yes, there were anthologies, but most were out of print and none put together all the pieces I considered essential. Some were fitted together like polemics, others relied too heavily on dull reportage. There were solid poetry anthologies, most notably W. D. Ehrhart’s
Carrying the Darkness,
but few books had tried to collect everything—the fiction, the oral histories, the memoirs, the films, the photos—and those that did inevitably had gaps. Imagine a comprehensive Vietnam anthology without the work of Michael Herr or Tim O’Brien or Larry Heinemann, without a healthy sampling of the oral histories, without a single mention of
Platoon,
without Ronald Haeberle’s famous picture of the ditch at My Lai.
Instead of ordering a single volume and sending my students to the campus store, I began digging through the individual novels and poetry collections, poring over the photographic essays, watching the films, taking notes, making photocopies. I haunted the used-book stores for sadly out-of-print work, borrowed books from colleagues, sat in the stacks of libraries. What I finally came up with was a course packet weighing in at around six pounds, the permissions for which were impossible to secure in time for the semester.
While I’ve cut a great deal from that original manuscript, this book remains true to its core. I believe I’ve chosen and hunted down the elusive permissions for the best and best known works about the war, selections that will give the reader both an essential overview and a deep understanding of how America has seen its time in Vietnam over the past thirty years.
Any Vietnam anthology should bring its reader closer to the war, and in teaching my course I found that one way to accomplish that, beyond presenting students with the usual literature, was to include such powerful and immediate material as photographs, films, and popular songs. They bring the war home inescapably, in the same way they inflamed and informed the public when they first appeared. It’s one thing to tell a class that the average age of the combat soldier in Vietnam was nineteen, another to show them a roomful of recruits no older than themselves. By examining the films and songs, my students gained a deeper appreciation for how the war, and its representation, has always been debated in a charged, extremely public forum, and how that debate has changed over the years. As with the literary selections, the photos, songs, and films I’ve chosen to include are the best and best known, some, like Haeberle’s shot of My Lai, practically iconic at this point.
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