Autobiography of Mark Twain

THE MARK TWAIN PAPERS

 

AUTOBIOGRAPHY OF MARK TWAIN

VOLUME 1

The Mark Twain Project is an editorial and publishing program of The Bancroft Library, working since 1967 to create a comprehensive critical edition of everything Mark Twain wrote.

This volume is the first one in that edition to be published simultaneously in print and as an electronic text at
http://www.marktwainproject.org
. The textual commentaries for all Mark Twain texts in this volume are published
only
there.

THE MARK TWAIN PAPERS

 

Robert H. Hirst,
General Editor

Board of Directors of the Mark Twain Project

Jo Ann Boydston

Laura Cerruti

Don L. Cook

Frederick Crews

Charles B. Faulhaber

Peter E. Hanff

Thomas C. Leonard

Michael Millgate

George A. Starr

G. Thomas Tanselle

Lynne Withey

Contributing Editors for This Volume

Natalia Cecire

Michelle Coleman

George Derk

Christine Hong

Rachel Perez

Leslie Walton

AUTOBIOGRAPHY
OF
MARK
TWAIN

VOLUME 1

 

HARRIET ELINOR SMITH, EDITOR

Associate Editors

Benjamin Griffin

Victor Fischer

Michael B. Frank

Sharon K. Goetz

Leslie Diane Myrick

A publication of the Mark Twain Project
of The Bancroft Library

Frontispiece: Photograph by Albert Bigelow Paine, 25 June 1906, Upton House, Dublin, New Hampshire

University of California Press, one of the most distinguished university presses in the United States, enriches lives around the world by advancing scholarship in the humanities, social sciences, and natural sciences. Its activities are supported by the UC Press Foundation and by philanthropic contributions from individuals and institutions. For more information, visit
http://www.ucpress.edu
.

University of California Press

Berkeley and Los Angeles, California

University of California Press, Ltd.

London, England

Autobiography of Mark Twain, Volume 1
Copyright© 2010, 2001 by the Mark Twain Foundation. All Rights Reserved. Transcription, reconstruction, and creation of the texts, introduction, notes, and appendixes Copyright© 2010 by The Regents of the University of California. The Mark Twain Foundation expressly reserves to itself, its successors and assigns, all dramatization rights in every medium, including without limitation, stage, radio, television, motion picture, and public reading rights, in and to the
Autobiography of Mark Twain
and all other texts by Mark Twain in copyright to the Mark Twain Foundation.

All texts by Mark Twain in
Autobiography of Mark Twain, Volume 1
have been published previously, by permission of the Mark Twain Foundation, in the Mark Twain Project’s
Microfilm Edition of Mark Twain’s Literary Manuscripts Available in the Mark Twain Papers, The Bancroft Library, University of California Berkeley
(Berkeley: The Bancroft Library, 2001), and some texts have been published previously in one or more of the following: Albert Bigelow Paine, editor,
Mark Twain’s Autobiography
(New York: Harper and Brothers, 1924); Bernard DeVoto, editor,
Mark Twain in Eruption
(New York: Harper and Brothers, 1940); Charles Neider, editor,
The Autobiography of Mark Twain, Including Chapters Now Published for the First Time
(New York: Harper and Brothers, 1959). Unless otherwise noted, all illustrations are reproduced from original documents in the Mark Twain Papers of The Bancroft Library, University of California, Berkeley.

MARK TWAIN PROJECT
®
is a registered trademark of The Regents of the University of California in the United States and the European Community.

Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data

Twain, Mark, 1835–1910

[Autobiography]

Autobiography of Mark Twain, Volume 1 / editor: Harriet Elinor Smith;
associate editors: Benjamin Griffin, Victor Fischer, Michael B. Frank, Sharon K. Goetz, Leslie Diane Myrick

    p. cm. — (The Mark Twain Papers)

“A publication of the Mark Twain Project of The Bancroft Library.”

Includes bibliographical references and index.

ISBN
978-0-520-26719-0 (cloth : alk. paper)

1. Twain, Mark, 1835–1910. 2. Authors, American—19th century—Biography. I. Smith, Harriet Elinor. II. Griffin, Benjamin, 1968– III. Fischer, Victor, 1942– IV. Frank, Michael B. V. Goetz, Sharon K. VI. Myrick, Leslie Diane. VII. Bancroft Library. VIII. Title.

PS1331.A2 2010
818’.4’0924—dc22             2009047700

Manufactured in the United States of America

19  18  17  16  15  14  13  12  11  10

10  9   8   7  6  5   4   3  2  1

This book is printed on Natures Book, which contains 50% post-consumer waste and meets the minimum requirements of
ANSI/NISO
z39.48–1992 (
R
1997) (
Permanence of Paper
).

Editorial work for this volume has been supported by a generous gift to the Mark Twain Project of The Bancroft Library from the

KORET FOUNDATION

and by matching and outright grants from the

NATIONAL ENDOWMENT
FOR THE HUMANITIES,
an independent federal agency.

Without that support, this volume could not
have been produced.

The Mark Twain Project at the University of California, Berkeley, gratefully acknowledges generous support from the following, for editorial work on the
Autobiography of Mark Twain
and for the acquisition of important new documents:

The University of California, Berkeley, Class of 1958
Members of the Mark Twain Luncheon Club
The Barkley Fund
The Mark Twain Foundation

The Beatrice Fox Auerbach Foundation Fund at the Hartford Foundation for Public Giving

Lawrence E. Brooks
Helen Kennedy Cahill
Kimo Campbell
Virginia Robinson Furth
The Herrick Fund
The Hofmann Foundation
The House of Bernstein, Inc.
Robert and Beverly Middlekauff
The Renee B. Fisher Foundation
The Benjamin and Susan Shapell Foundation
Jeanne and Leonard Ware
Patricia Wright, in memory of Timothy J. Fitzgerald

and

The thousands of individual donors over the past fifty years
who have helped sustain the ongoing work
of the Mark Twain Project.

The publication of this volume has been made possible by a gift to the University of California Press Foundation by
WILSON GARDNER COMBS
FRANK MARION GIFFORD COMBS
in honor of
WILSON GIFFORD COMBS
BA
1935,
MA
1950, University of California, Berkeley
MARYANNA GARDNER COMBS
MSW
1951, University of California, Berkeley

University of California Press gratefully acknowledges the support of

John G. Davies

and the Humanities Endowment Fund of the UC Press Foundation

CONTENTS
 
List of Manuscripts and Dictations

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