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Authors: Susan Wise Bauer

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The History of the Renaissance World (134 page)

BOOK: The History of the Renaissance World
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Thessalonica, 219, 223, 368, 425, 537, 541, 598, 630, 673

Third Crusade, 159, 166–74,
169

Thomas (son of Edward III), 595

Thong Lan, 532

Thoros II, prince of Cilician Armenia, 136

Thrace, 217, 220, 368, 422, 423, 537–39, 540

Thyateira, 370

Tiberias, 157

Tigris river, 419

Timurid empire, 557–63, 627–33

Timurids, 630

Timur-Leng (Timurlane), 557–63,
559
, 565, 627–32,
631

timelines, 564, 570, 576, 634, 644, 653

Tinchebray, 4

Tirmidh, 264

Titus, emperor of Rome, 489

Tizapan, 491

Tlatelolco, 494–95

Tlemcen, 372

Toba, emperor of Japan, 63–65

Toghan, prince, 385–86

Toghon Temur (Emperor Huizong), emperor of China, 505, 525–28

Toghrul, 196

Toghto, 526–27

Toktamish, 560–61

Tokuko, 64

Toledo, 44–45, 244

libraries in, xxiii, 46–47

Tollan, 491

Toltecs, 187

Tolui (son of Genghis Khan), 267, 310, 339

Toregene, 339

Toulouse, 43, 152, 237, 243, 245–47, 259–60, 462, 517, 520

Toulouse, University of, 260

Tournai, 250, 501

Tournelles, 665

Tours, 202, 354, 389

Tower of London, 362, 397, 400, 464, 497, 583, 596, 621

Trade Winds, 455

Tran Canh, king of Dai Viet, 298–301, 342

Tran Due-tong, king of Dai Viet, 534

Tran dynasty, 298, 640

Tran Hoang, 342

Tran Quoc Toan (Tran Hung Dao), prince of Dai Viet, 385–86

Transoxiana, 134, 506, 557–58

transubstantiation, 6

Transylvania, 282–83, 675

Tran Thuan Tong, emperor of Dai Viet, 535

Tran Thu Do, grand chancellor of Dai Viet, 298–301

Trapani, 391

Trausnitz Castle, 484–85

Treaty of Birgham, 397–98

Treaty of Bretigny, 521–23

Treaty of Conway, 395

Treaty of Edinburgh-Northampton, 466, 497

Treaty of Nymphaion, 370

Treaty of Paris, 260

Treaty of Troyes, 625, 667

Treaty of Wallingford, 78

Treaty of Windsor, 149

Trebizond, 219

empire of, 220, 222, 368

timelines, 224, 232, 371

trebuchets, 379–80, 433

Trier, archbishops of, 320

Trinity, 376
n
, 651

Tripoli, 14,
15
, 97, 351, 374, 376, 587, 588

Troyes, 665

Troyes, bishop of, 6

Troyes, Treaty of, 625, 667

Tughluq dynasty, in India, 478, 561

Tumu, 643

Tungabhadra, 480, 546

Tunis, 95, 208, 372–74, 375, 392

Turan-shah, Ayyubid sultan, 335, 337, 346, 347

Turks, 34, 121–22, 134–35, 137, 227, 282, 326, 327, 335, 560

in Asia Minor, 420

Constantinople invaded by, 3, 39, 104–5

in Delhi, 326, 327, 478

empire of,
see
Ottoman empire

fall of empire of, 134–35

in India, 404

refugees from Cilician Armenia, 264

in settlements north of Georgia, 266

as slave officers (
ghulams
), 229

slavery and, 145

timelines, 42, 48, 107, 116, 125, 140, 160, 165, 175, 194, 201, 280, 286, 292, 297, 302, 338, 345

see also
mamluks; Ottoman empire

Tursun Bey, xxv

Twelve Peers, 399–400

Tyler, Wat, 583–84

Tyre, 16, 104, 159

Tyre, archbishop of, 159

Tyrrell, Walter, 3

Tzympe, 538

Ubeda, 88

Uijong, king of Goryeo, 70–73

Uiju, 311

Uí Néill, 149

Ulm, 611

Ulster, 149

Ulugh, 406

Ulugh Khan (Muhammad bin Tughluq), 478–79

‘Umar ibn Idris, king of Kanem, 588

Umayyad caliphates, 134
n

Union of Kalmar, 607, 608

Union of Krewo, 555

Union of Lyons, 389

Urban (cannon maker), 678–79

Urban IV, pope, 362

Urban V, pope, 540–51, 571–73

Urban VI, pope, 574, 579, 612

Urraca, queen of Aragon, Navarre, León, and Castile, 43, 44
n

Usk, Adam, 584, 595

Uthman, 134
n

U Thong (Ramathibodi), 531–33

Utrar, 632

Uzbek, 450

Valdemar IV, king of Denmark, 605

Valencia, 88, 89, 243, 307

Valenciennes, 249

Valois dynasty, of France,
466
, 467, 499, 623

Varangian Guard, 139

Varna, Battle of, 676–77, 680

Vatican, 413

Venice,
15
, 16, 17, 85, 141–44,
142
, 144, 168
n
, 177–80, 219, 367–70, 380, 386, 391, 420, 425, 539, 541, 542, 553, 575, 600, 601, 645, 648, 673, 676, 678, 680

doge of, 389, 424, 541

Verona, 85, 320, 321, 575

Vicenza, 321

Victor IV, antipope, 83, 85

Vienna, 168, 316, 674

Vietnam,
see
Dai Viet

Vijaya, 29, 385

Vijaya Bahu, king of Sri Lanka, 108, 110, 112

Vijaya Bahu III, rebel king of Sri Lanka, 271

Vijayanagara, 480, 482, 545–48, 628

Vijay Sen, king of Sena, 117, 119–21, 123

Vikings, 604

Vikrampur, 124

Villani, Giovanni, 294, 321, 374–77, 390–91, 415

Villani, Matteo, 510

Villehardouin, Geoffroy de, 177–80, 219–20

Vindhya mountains, 480

Virasaivas
, 114

Virgil, 489

Visconti, Bernabò, 571–72, 574–75

Visconti, Filippo Maria, duke of Milan, 645–46, 648

Visconti, Gian Galeazzo, duke of Milan, 575, 612–13, 645

Visconti, Gian Maria, duke of Milan, 645

Visconti, Giovanni, 571–72

Visconti, House of, 571–75

Visconti, Matteo, 571

Visconti, Ottone, archbishop of Milan, 571

Visconti, Teobaldo (Pope Gregory X), 374–75

Vishnu, 31, 119

Vistula river, 284, 285

Vita Edwardi Secundi
, 435–37, 464

Vitale Michiel, doge of Venice, 143–44

Viterbo, 375, 541

Vitry, 36–37

Vitry, Jacques de, bishop of Acre, 258, 277–79

Vlad Dracul, prince of Wallachia, 633, 676–77

Volga river, 98, 313, 316, 560–61

Volterra, 415

Voskresensk Chronicle
, 313–14

Vox in Rama
, 320

Waalo, 459

Wainganga river, 546

Waldensians, 235, 354, 486, 582, 647

Waldo, Peter, 235

Wales, 21–22, 394–97,
396
, 398, 620–21

timelines, 402, 409, 439, 448, 454, 469, 477, 483, 504, 626, 634, 644, 672

Wallace, William, 400–401, 433–34

Wallachia, 633, 673, 675–77, 678

Wallingford, Treaty of, 78

Walsingham, Thomas, 582–85, 593, 595–96, 614, 623, 625, 662

Walter of Guisborough, 435

Wang Yansou,
57

Wang Zhen, 642–43

Wanyan clan, 25

Warangal, 429, 478–80

Warwick, earl of, 435, 595

“War-wolf” (trebuchet), 433

Weiming Chunyou, king of Western Xia, 198

Weishaowang, Jin emperor, 199

Wenceslaus, 388

Wenceslaus IV, king of Germany and Bohemia, 611–13, 615–18, 645

Wendish Crusade, 81–82, 238

Wends, 81–82

Western Llao people, 134

Western Xia, 197–200, 267, 379

timelines, 201, 206, 210

Westminster Abbey, 78, 608, 623

White Lotus Society, 525–26, 545

White Sheep “Aq Qoyunlu” Turkomans, 632

Why God Became Man
(Anselm), 7

Wight, Isle of, 254

Wigmore, 363

William (son of Henry I of England), 19

William I “the Conqueror,” king of England, 4, 7, 21, 126, 253

William II, king of England, 3, 7

William Fitz Stephen, 131

William Longsword (illegitimate brother of King John), 250, 254

William of Canterbury, 127–28

William of Conches, 76

William of Holland, 323–24, 359–60

William of Malmesbury, 3, 5, 19

William of Newburgh, 78, 151

William of Puylaurens, 244–46, 259

William of Tudela, 237–40, 246

William of Tyre, 21, 34, 39, 40–41, 53, 103–4, 105
n
, 106, 136, 159, 336

William the Clerk, 278, 354

William the Good, 141

Winchester, 362, 463

Winchester, earl of, 463

Windsor, 253, 254, 519

Windsor, Treaty of, 149

witchcraft, 208

Wladyslaw III, king of Poland and Hungary, 674–77

Wladyslaw the Elbow-High, 552

Wolof empire, 459

timelines, 460, 469, 477

Worms, 11, 321

Wu, emperor of Goryeo, 567

Württemberg, count of, 611

Wycliffe, John, xxiv, 582, 613–16, 618

Wye river, 465

Xiangyang, 379–80

Xiaozong, emperor of China, 58–59

Xuande, emperor of China, 642

Yadava, 429

Yakub, 598

Yalu river, 310–11

Yangtze river, 26, 27, 58, 379, 382, 526

Yangzhou, 26

Yanjing, 58

Yasuki Harbor, 473

Yellow emperor, 25

Yellow river, 25, 27, 313, 526

“Ye Warriors of God,” 647

Yi In-im, 567

Yi Ko, 71–73

Yi Kyu-bo, 70

Yi Seong-gye,
see
Taejo, emperor of Joseon

Yi Uibang, 71–73

Yolanda, ruler of Constantinople, 221

Yolande, queen of Jerusalem, 276, 293, 295, 318

Yoleta de Dru, queen of Scotland, 397

Yongle emperor, 638–42,
639

Yordanos river, 288

York, 397, 443, 498

York, archbishop of, 130, 502

Yoruba peoples, 98–99

Yoshino, 474–75, 569

Ypres, 445

Yu, Second Sage emperor, 535

Yuan dynasty, 383–86,
384
, 470, 503, 525–26, 528–29, 565–67, 630–32, 637

Yucatán Peninsula, 187

Yueh
, 27

Yu-ke-hsia, 311

Yusuf I, Almohad caliph, 90–91, 243

Yusuf I, ruler of Granada, 515

Yusuf II, Almohad caliph, 244

Yutahito, emperor of Japan, 475

Zadar, 177–78

Zafar, 406–7

Zaghawa people, 94–95

Zagwe dynasty, of Axum, 287–88,
289
, 290

timelines, 292, 297, 302

Zanzibar, 97

Zara, 240

Zaria, 588

Zayyanids, 372

Zella, 587

Zengi, 34–36,
38
, 39, 104

Zhengtong, emperor of China, 642–43

Zhongdu, 58, 199–200, 262, 310

Zhu Di,
see
Yongle emperor

Zhu Xi, 57

Zhu Yuanzhang,
see
Hongwu emperor

Zil-i-llahi
, 330

Zimbabwe, 291

Zizka, John, 646–47

Zurara, Gomes Eanes de, 655, 658–59

Copyright

Copyright © 2013 by Susan Wise Bauer

Since this page cannot legibly accommodate all the copyright notices,
page 749 constitutes an extension of the copyright page.

All rights reserved

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First Edition

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Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data

Bauer, S. Wise.

The history of the Renaissance world : from the rediscovery of Aristotle
to the conquest of Constantinople / Susan Wise Bauer.—First edition.

pages cm

Includes bibliographical references and index.

ISBN 978-0-393-05976-2 (hardcover)

ISBN 978-0-393-24067-2 (e-book)

1. Renaissance. I. Title.

CB361.B36 2013

940.2'1—dc23

2013021092

W. W. Norton & Company, Inc.

500 Fifth Avenue, New York, N.Y. 10110

www.wwnorton.com

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Castle House, 75/76 Wells Street, London W1T 3QT

A
LSO BY
S
USAN
W
ISE
B
AUER

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ads

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