Homo Deus: A Brief History of Tomorrow (62 page)

3
.   Ronald K. Delph, ‘Valla Grammaticus, Agostino Steuco, and the Donation of Constantine’,
Journal of the History of Ideas
57:1 (1996), 55–77; Joseph M. Levine, ‘Reginald Pecock and Lorenzo Valla on the Donation of Constantine’,
Studies in the Renaissance
20 (1973), 118–43.

4
.   Gabriele Boccaccini,
Roots of Rabbinic Judaism
(Cambridge: Eerdmans, 2002); Shaye J. D. Cohen,
From the Maccabees to the Mishnah
, 2nd edn (Louisville: Westminster John Knox Press, 2006), 153–7; Lee M. McDonald and James A. Sanders (eds),
The Canon Debate
(Peabody: Hendrickson, 2002), 4.

5
.   Sam Harris,
The Moral Landscape: How Science Can Determine Human Values
(New York: Free Press, 2010).

6
The Modern Covenant

1
.   Gerald S. Wilkinson, ‘The Social Organization of the Common Vampire Bat II’,
Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology
17:2 (1985), 123–34; Gerald S. Wilkinson, ‘Reciprocal Food Sharing in the Vampire Bat’,
Nature
308:5955 (1984), 181–4; Raul Flores Crespo et al., ‘Foraging Behavior of the Common Vampire Bat Related to Moonlight’,
Journal of Mammalogy
53:2 (1972), 366–8.

2
.   Goh Chin Lian, ‘Admin Service Pay: Pensions Removed, National Bonus to Replace GDP Bonus’,
Straits Times
, 8 April 2013, retrieved 9 February 2016, http://www.straitstimes.com/singapore/admin-service-pay-pensions-removed-national-bonus-to-replace-gdp-bonus.

3
.   Edward Wong, ‘In China, Breathing Becomes a Childhood Risk’,
New York Times
, 22 April 2013, accessed 22 December 2014, http://www.nytimes.com/2013/04/23/world/asia/pollution-is-radically-changing-childhood-in-chinas-cities.html?pagewanted=all&_r=0; Barbara Demick, ‘China Entrepreneurs Cash in on Air Pollution’,
Los Angeles Times
, 2 February 2013, accessed 22 December 2014, http://articles.latimes.com/2013/feb/02/world/la-fg-china-pollution-20130203.

4
.   IPCC,
Climate Change 2014: Mitigation of Climate Change – Summary for Policymakers
, ed. Ottmar Edenhofer et al. (Cambridge and New York: Cambridge University Press, 2014), 6.

5
.   UNEP,
The Emissions Gap Report 2012
(Nairobi: UNEP, 2012); IEA,
Energy Policies of IEA Countries: The United States
(Paris: IEA, 2008).

6
.   For a detailed discussion see Ha-Joon Chang,
23 Things They Don’t Tell You About Capitalism
(New York: Bloomsbury Press, 2010).

7
The Humanist Revolution

1
.   Jean-Jacques Rousseau,
Émile, ou de l’éducation
(Paris, 1967), 348.

2
.   ‘Journalists Syndicate Says Charlie Hebdo Cartoons “Hurt Feelings”, Washington Okays’,
Egypt Independent
, 14 January 2015, accessed 12 August 2015, http://www.egyptindependent.com/news/journalists-syndicate-says-charlie-hebdo-cartoons-percentE2percent80percent98hurt-feelings-washington-okays.

3
.   Naomi Darom, ‘Evolution on Steroids’,
Haaretz
, 13 June 2014.

4
.   Walter Horace Bruford,
The German Tradition of Self-Cultivation: ‘Bildung’ from Humboldt to Thomas Mann
(London and New York: Cambridge University Press, 1975), 24, 25.

5
.   ‘All-Time 100 TV Shows:
Survivor
’,
Time
, 6 September 2007, retrieved 12 August 2015, http://time.com/3103831/survivor/.

6
.   Phil Klay,
Redeployment
(London: Canongate, 2015), 170.

7
.   Yuval Noah Harari,
The Ultimate Experience: Battlefield Revelations and the Making of Modern War Culture,
1450–2000 (Houndmills: Palgrave Macmillan, 2008); Yuval Noah Harari, ‘Armchairs, Coffee and Authority: Eye-witnesses and Flesh-witnesses Speak about War, 1100–2000’,
Journal of Military History
74:1 (January 2010), 53–78.

8
.   ‘Angela Merkel Attacked over Crying Refugee Girl’, BBC, 17 July 2015, accessed 12 August 2015, http://www.bbc.com/news/world-europe-33555619.

9
.   Laurence Housman,
War Letters of Fallen Englishmen
(Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania State, 2002), 159.

10
.  Mark Bowden,
Black Hawk Down: The Story of Modern Warfare
(New York: New American Library, 2001), 301–2.

11
.  Adolf Hitler,
Mein Kampf
, trans. Ralph Manheim (Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1943), 165.

12
.  Evan Osnos,
Age of Ambition: Chasing Fortune, Truth and Faith in the New China
(London: Vintage, 2014), 95.

13
.  Mark Harrison (ed),
The Economics of World War II: Six Great Powers in International Comparison
(Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1998), 3–10; John Ellis,
World War II: A Statistical Survey
(New York: Facts on File, 1993); I. C. B. Dear (ed.)
The Oxford Companion to the Second World War
(Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1995).

14
.  Donna Haraway, ‘A Cyborg Manifesto: Science, Technology, and Socialist-Feminism in the Late Twentieth Century’, in
Simians, Cyborgs and Women: The Reinvention of Nature
, ed. Donna Haraway (New York: Routledge, 1991), 149–81.

8
The Time Bomb in the Laboratory

1
.   For a detailed discussion see Michael S. Gazzaniga,
Who’s in Charge?: Free Will and the Science of the Brain
(New York: Ecco, 2011).

2
.   Chun Siong Soon et al., ‘Unconscious Determinants of Free Decisions in the Human Brain’,
Nature Neuroscience
11:5 (2008), 543–5. See also Daniel Wegner,
The Illusion of Conscious Will
(Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 2002); Benjamin Libet, ‘Unconscious Cerebral Initiative and the Role of Conscious Will in Voluntary Action’,
Behavioral and Brain Sciences
8 (1985), 529–66.

3
.   Sanjiv K. Talwar et al., ‘Rat Navigation Guided by Remote Control’,
Nature
417:6884 (2002), 37–8; Ben Harder, ‘Scientists “Drive” Rats by Remote Control’,
National Geographic
, 1 May 2012, accessed 22 December 2014, http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2002/05/0501_020501_ roborats.html; Tom Clarke, ‘Here Come the Ratbots: Desire Drives Remote-Controlled Rodents’,
Nature
, 2 May 2002, accessed 22 December 2014, http://www.nature.com/news/1998/020429/full/news020429-9.html; Duncan Graham-Rowe, ‘“Robo-rat” Controlled by Brain Electrodes’,
New Scientist
, 1 May 2002, accessed 22 December 2014, http://www.newscientist.com/article/dn2237-roborat-controlled-by-brain-electrodes.html#.UwOPiNrNtkQ.

4
.   http://f usion.net/story/204316/dar pa-is-implanting-chips-in-soldiers-brains/; http://www.theverge.com/2014/5/28/5758018/darpa-teams-begin-work-on-tiny-brain-implant-to-treat-ptsd.

5
.   Smadar Reisfeld, ‘Outside of the Cuckoo’s Nest’,
Haaretz
, 6 March 2015.

6
.   Dan Hurley, ‘US Military Leads Quest for Futuristic Ways to Boost IQ’,
Newsweek
, 5 March 2014, http://www.newsweek.com/2014/03/14/us-military-leads-quest-futuristic-ways-boost-iq-247945.html, accessed 9 January 2015; Human Effectiveness Directorate, http://www.wpafb.af.mil/afrl/rh/index.asp; R. Andy McKinley et al., ‘Acceleration of Image Analyst Training with Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation’,
Behavioral Neuroscience
127:6 (2013), 936–46; Jeremy T. Nelson et al., ‘Enhancing Vigilance in Operators with Prefrontal Cortex Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation (TDCS)’,
NeuroImage
85 (2014), 909–17; Melissa Scheldrup et al., ‘Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation Facilitates Cognitive Multi-Task Performance Differentially Depending on Anode Location and Subtask’,
Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
8 (2014); Oliver Burkeman, ‘Can I Increase my Brain Power?’,
Guardian
, 4 January 2014, http://www.theguardian.com/science/2014/jan/04/can-i-increase-my-brain-power, accessed 9 January 2016; Heather Kelly, ‘Wearable Tech to Hack Your Brain’, CNN, 23 October 2014, http://www.cnn.com/2014/10/22/tech/innovation/brain-stimulation-tech/, accessed 9 January 2016.

7
.   Sally Adee, ‘Zap Your Brain into the Zone: Fast Track to Pure Focus’,
New Scientist
, 6 February 2012, accessed 22 December 2014, http://www.newscientist.com/article/mg21328501.600-zap-your-brain-into-the-zone-fast-track-to-pure-focus.html. See also: R. Douglas Fields, ‘Amping Up Brain Function: Transcranial Stimulation Shows Promise in Speeding Up Learning’,
Scientific American
, 25 November 2011, accessed 22 December 2014, http://www.scientificamerican.com/article/amping-up-brain-function.

8
.   Sally Adee, ‘How Electrical Brain Stimulation Can Change the Way We Think’,
The Week,
30 March 2012, accessed 22 December 2014, http://theweek.com/article/index/226196/how-electrical-brain-stimulation-can-change-the-way-we-think/2.

9
.   E. Bianconi et al., ‘An Estimation of the Number of Cells in the Human Body’,
Annals of Human Biology
40:6 (2013), 463–71.

10
.  Oliver Sacks,
The Man Who Mistook His Wife for a Hat
(London: Picador, 1985), 73–5.

11
.  Joseph E. LeDoux, Donald H. Wilson and Michael S. Gazzaniga, ‘A Divided Mind: Observations on the Conscious Properties of the Separated Hemispheres’,
Annals of Neurology
2:5 (1977), 417–21. See also: D. Galin, ‘Implications for Psychiatry of Left and Right Cerebral Specialization: A Neurophysiological Context for Unconscious Processes’,
Archives of General Psychiatry
31:4 (1974), 572–83; R. W. Sperry, M. S. Gazzaniga and J. E. Bogen, ‘Interhemispheric Relationships: The Neocortical Commisures: Syndromes of Hemisphere Disconnection’, in
Handbook of Clinical Neurology
, ed. P. J. Vinken and G. W. Bruyn (Amsterdam: North Holland Publishing Co., 1969), vol. 4.

12
.  Michael S. Gazzaniga,
The Bisected Brain
(New York: Appleton-Century-Crofts, 1970); Gazzaniga,
Who’s in Charge?
; Carl Senior, Tamara Russell and Michael S. Gazzaniga,
Methods in Mind
(Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 2006); David Wolman, ‘The Split Brain: A Tale of Two Halves’,
Nature
483 (14 March 2012), 260–3.

13
.  Galin, ‘Implications for Psychiatry of Left and Right Cerebral Specialization’, 573–4.

14
.  Sally P. Springer and Georg Deutsch,
Left Brain, Right Brain,
3rd edn (New York: W. H. Freeman, 1989), 32–6.

15
.  Kahneman,
Thinking, Fast and Slow
, 377–410. See also Gazzaniga,
Who’s in Charge?
, ch. 3.

16
.  Eran Chajut et al., ‘In Pain Thou Shalt Bring Forth Children: The Peak-and-End Rule in Recall of Labor Pain’,
Psychological Science
25:12 (2014), 2266–71.

17
.  Ulla Waldenström, ‘Women’s Memory of Childbirth at Two Months and One Year after the Birth’,
Birth
30:4 (2003), 248–54; Ulla Waldenström, ‘Why Do Some Women Change Their Opinion about Childbirth over Time?’,
Birth
31:2 (2004), 102–7.

Other books

Glass House by Patrick Reinken
Scorching Secrets by Kaitlyn Hoyt
Far Country by Malone, Karen
Barking by Tom Holt
Peace by Adolf, Antony
The Rebel Spy by J. T. Edson
Clouds without Rain by P. L. Gaus