Homo Deus: A Brief History of Tomorrow (62 page)

3
.   Ronald K. Delph, ‘Valla Grammaticus, Agostino Steuco, and the Donation of Constantine’,
Journal of the History of Ideas
57:1 (1996), 55–77; Joseph M. Levine, ‘Reginald Pecock and Lorenzo Valla on the Donation of Constantine’,
Studies in the Renaissance
20 (1973), 118–43.

4
.   Gabriele Boccaccini,
Roots of Rabbinic Judaism
(Cambridge: Eerdmans, 2002); Shaye J. D. Cohen,
From the Maccabees to the Mishnah
, 2nd edn (Louisville: Westminster John Knox Press, 2006), 153–7; Lee M. McDonald and James A. Sanders (eds),
The Canon Debate
(Peabody: Hendrickson, 2002), 4.

5
.   Sam Harris,
The Moral Landscape: How Science Can Determine Human Values
(New York: Free Press, 2010).

6
The Modern Covenant

1
.   Gerald S. Wilkinson, ‘The Social Organization of the Common Vampire Bat II’,
Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology
17:2 (1985), 123–34; Gerald S. Wilkinson, ‘Reciprocal Food Sharing in the Vampire Bat’,
Nature
308:5955 (1984), 181–4; Raul Flores Crespo et al., ‘Foraging Behavior of the Common Vampire Bat Related to Moonlight’,
Journal of Mammalogy
53:2 (1972), 366–8.

2
.   Goh Chin Lian, ‘Admin Service Pay: Pensions Removed, National Bonus to Replace GDP Bonus’,
Straits Times
, 8 April 2013, retrieved 9 February 2016, http://www.straitstimes.com/singapore/admin-service-pay-pensions-removed-national-bonus-to-replace-gdp-bonus.

3
.   Edward Wong, ‘In China, Breathing Becomes a Childhood Risk’,
New York Times
, 22 April 2013, accessed 22 December 2014, http://www.nytimes.com/2013/04/23/world/asia/pollution-is-radically-changing-childhood-in-chinas-cities.html?pagewanted=all&_r=0; Barbara Demick, ‘China Entrepreneurs Cash in on Air Pollution’,
Los Angeles Times
, 2 February 2013, accessed 22 December 2014, http://articles.latimes.com/2013/feb/02/world/la-fg-china-pollution-20130203.

4
.   IPCC,
Climate Change 2014: Mitigation of Climate Change – Summary for Policymakers
, ed. Ottmar Edenhofer et al. (Cambridge and New York: Cambridge University Press, 2014), 6.

5
.   UNEP,
The Emissions Gap Report 2012
(Nairobi: UNEP, 2012); IEA,
Energy Policies of IEA Countries: The United States
(Paris: IEA, 2008).

6
.   For a detailed discussion see Ha-Joon Chang,
23 Things They Don’t Tell You About Capitalism
(New York: Bloomsbury Press, 2010).

7
The Humanist Revolution

1
.   Jean-Jacques Rousseau,
Émile, ou de l’éducation
(Paris, 1967), 348.

2
.   ‘Journalists Syndicate Says Charlie Hebdo Cartoons “Hurt Feelings”, Washington Okays’,
Egypt Independent
, 14 January 2015, accessed 12 August 2015, http://www.egyptindependent.com/news/journalists-syndicate-says-charlie-hebdo-cartoons-percentE2percent80percent98hurt-feelings-washington-okays.

3
.   Naomi Darom, ‘Evolution on Steroids’,
Haaretz
, 13 June 2014.

4
.   Walter Horace Bruford,
The German Tradition of Self-Cultivation: ‘Bildung’ from Humboldt to Thomas Mann
(London and New York: Cambridge University Press, 1975), 24, 25.

5
.   ‘All-Time 100 TV Shows:
Survivor
’,
Time
, 6 September 2007, retrieved 12 August 2015, http://time.com/3103831/survivor/.

6
.   Phil Klay,
Redeployment
(London: Canongate, 2015), 170.

7
.   Yuval Noah Harari,
The Ultimate Experience: Battlefield Revelations and the Making of Modern War Culture,
1450–2000 (Houndmills: Palgrave Macmillan, 2008); Yuval Noah Harari, ‘Armchairs, Coffee and Authority: Eye-witnesses and Flesh-witnesses Speak about War, 1100–2000’,
Journal of Military History
74:1 (January 2010), 53–78.

8
.   ‘Angela Merkel Attacked over Crying Refugee Girl’, BBC, 17 July 2015, accessed 12 August 2015, http://www.bbc.com/news/world-europe-33555619.

9
.   Laurence Housman,
War Letters of Fallen Englishmen
(Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania State, 2002), 159.

10
.  Mark Bowden,
Black Hawk Down: The Story of Modern Warfare
(New York: New American Library, 2001), 301–2.

11
.  Adolf Hitler,
Mein Kampf
, trans. Ralph Manheim (Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1943), 165.

12
.  Evan Osnos,
Age of Ambition: Chasing Fortune, Truth and Faith in the New China
(London: Vintage, 2014), 95.

13
.  Mark Harrison (ed),
The Economics of World War II: Six Great Powers in International Comparison
(Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1998), 3–10; John Ellis,
World War II: A Statistical Survey
(New York: Facts on File, 1993); I. C. B. Dear (ed.)
The Oxford Companion to the Second World War
(Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1995).

14
.  Donna Haraway, ‘A Cyborg Manifesto: Science, Technology, and Socialist-Feminism in the Late Twentieth Century’, in
Simians, Cyborgs and Women: The Reinvention of Nature
, ed. Donna Haraway (New York: Routledge, 1991), 149–81.

8
The Time Bomb in the Laboratory

1
.   For a detailed discussion see Michael S. Gazzaniga,
Who’s in Charge?: Free Will and the Science of the Brain
(New York: Ecco, 2011).

2
.   Chun Siong Soon et al., ‘Unconscious Determinants of Free Decisions in the Human Brain’,
Nature Neuroscience
11:5 (2008), 543–5. See also Daniel Wegner,
The Illusion of Conscious Will
(Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 2002); Benjamin Libet, ‘Unconscious Cerebral Initiative and the Role of Conscious Will in Voluntary Action’,
Behavioral and Brain Sciences
8 (1985), 529–66.

3
.   Sanjiv K. Talwar et al., ‘Rat Navigation Guided by Remote Control’,
Nature
417:6884 (2002), 37–8; Ben Harder, ‘Scientists “Drive” Rats by Remote Control’,
National Geographic
, 1 May 2012, accessed 22 December 2014, http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2002/05/0501_020501_ roborats.html; Tom Clarke, ‘Here Come the Ratbots: Desire Drives Remote-Controlled Rodents’,
Nature
, 2 May 2002, accessed 22 December 2014, http://www.nature.com/news/1998/020429/full/news020429-9.html; Duncan Graham-Rowe, ‘“Robo-rat” Controlled by Brain Electrodes’,
New Scientist
, 1 May 2002, accessed 22 December 2014, http://www.newscientist.com/article/dn2237-roborat-controlled-by-brain-electrodes.html#.UwOPiNrNtkQ.

4
.   http://f usion.net/story/204316/dar pa-is-implanting-chips-in-soldiers-brains/; http://www.theverge.com/2014/5/28/5758018/darpa-teams-begin-work-on-tiny-brain-implant-to-treat-ptsd.

5
.   Smadar Reisfeld, ‘Outside of the Cuckoo’s Nest’,
Haaretz
, 6 March 2015.

6
.   Dan Hurley, ‘US Military Leads Quest for Futuristic Ways to Boost IQ’,
Newsweek
, 5 March 2014, http://www.newsweek.com/2014/03/14/us-military-leads-quest-futuristic-ways-boost-iq-247945.html, accessed 9 January 2015; Human Effectiveness Directorate, http://www.wpafb.af.mil/afrl/rh/index.asp; R. Andy McKinley et al., ‘Acceleration of Image Analyst Training with Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation’,
Behavioral Neuroscience
127:6 (2013), 936–46; Jeremy T. Nelson et al., ‘Enhancing Vigilance in Operators with Prefrontal Cortex Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation (TDCS)’,
NeuroImage
85 (2014), 909–17; Melissa Scheldrup et al., ‘Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation Facilitates Cognitive Multi-Task Performance Differentially Depending on Anode Location and Subtask’,
Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
8 (2014); Oliver Burkeman, ‘Can I Increase my Brain Power?’,
Guardian
, 4 January 2014, http://www.theguardian.com/science/2014/jan/04/can-i-increase-my-brain-power, accessed 9 January 2016; Heather Kelly, ‘Wearable Tech to Hack Your Brain’, CNN, 23 October 2014, http://www.cnn.com/2014/10/22/tech/innovation/brain-stimulation-tech/, accessed 9 January 2016.

7
.   Sally Adee, ‘Zap Your Brain into the Zone: Fast Track to Pure Focus’,
New Scientist
, 6 February 2012, accessed 22 December 2014, http://www.newscientist.com/article/mg21328501.600-zap-your-brain-into-the-zone-fast-track-to-pure-focus.html. See also: R. Douglas Fields, ‘Amping Up Brain Function: Transcranial Stimulation Shows Promise in Speeding Up Learning’,
Scientific American
, 25 November 2011, accessed 22 December 2014, http://www.scientificamerican.com/article/amping-up-brain-function.

8
.   Sally Adee, ‘How Electrical Brain Stimulation Can Change the Way We Think’,
The Week,
30 March 2012, accessed 22 December 2014, http://theweek.com/article/index/226196/how-electrical-brain-stimulation-can-change-the-way-we-think/2.

9
.   E. Bianconi et al., ‘An Estimation of the Number of Cells in the Human Body’,
Annals of Human Biology
40:6 (2013), 463–71.

10
.  Oliver Sacks,
The Man Who Mistook His Wife for a Hat
(London: Picador, 1985), 73–5.

11
.  Joseph E. LeDoux, Donald H. Wilson and Michael S. Gazzaniga, ‘A Divided Mind: Observations on the Conscious Properties of the Separated Hemispheres’,
Annals of Neurology
2:5 (1977), 417–21. See also: D. Galin, ‘Implications for Psychiatry of Left and Right Cerebral Specialization: A Neurophysiological Context for Unconscious Processes’,
Archives of General Psychiatry
31:4 (1974), 572–83; R. W. Sperry, M. S. Gazzaniga and J. E. Bogen, ‘Interhemispheric Relationships: The Neocortical Commisures: Syndromes of Hemisphere Disconnection’, in
Handbook of Clinical Neurology
, ed. P. J. Vinken and G. W. Bruyn (Amsterdam: North Holland Publishing Co., 1969), vol. 4.

12
.  Michael S. Gazzaniga,
The Bisected Brain
(New York: Appleton-Century-Crofts, 1970); Gazzaniga,
Who’s in Charge?
; Carl Senior, Tamara Russell and Michael S. Gazzaniga,
Methods in Mind
(Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 2006); David Wolman, ‘The Split Brain: A Tale of Two Halves’,
Nature
483 (14 March 2012), 260–3.

13
.  Galin, ‘Implications for Psychiatry of Left and Right Cerebral Specialization’, 573–4.

14
.  Sally P. Springer and Georg Deutsch,
Left Brain, Right Brain,
3rd edn (New York: W. H. Freeman, 1989), 32–6.

15
.  Kahneman,
Thinking, Fast and Slow
, 377–410. See also Gazzaniga,
Who’s in Charge?
, ch. 3.

16
.  Eran Chajut et al., ‘In Pain Thou Shalt Bring Forth Children: The Peak-and-End Rule in Recall of Labor Pain’,
Psychological Science
25:12 (2014), 2266–71.

17
.  Ulla Waldenström, ‘Women’s Memory of Childbirth at Two Months and One Year after the Birth’,
Birth
30:4 (2003), 248–54; Ulla Waldenström, ‘Why Do Some Women Change Their Opinion about Childbirth over Time?’,
Birth
31:2 (2004), 102–7.

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