Homo Deus: A Brief History of Tomorrow (66 page)

DeepMind 321

Dehaene, Stanislas 116

democracy: Dataism and 373–5, 376, 377, 380, 391, 392, 396; evolutionary humanism and 253–4, 262–3; humanist values and 226–8; liberal humanism and 248–50, 262–7, 268; technological challenge to 306, 307–9, 338–41

Dennett, Daniel 116

depression 35–6, 39, 40, 49, 54, 67, 122–4,
123
, 251–2, 287, 357, 364

Descartes, René 107

diabetes 15, 27

Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM)
223–4

Dinner, Ed 360

Dix, Otto 253;
The War (Der Krieg)
(1929–32) 244,
245
, 246

DNA:
in vitro
fertilisation and 52–4; sequencing/testing 52–4, 143, 332–4, 336, 337, 347–8, 392; soul and 105

doctors, replacement by artificial intelligence of 315, 316–17

Donation of Constantine 190–2, 193

drones 288, 293, 309, 310,
310
, 311

drugs: computer-assisted methods for research into 323; Ebola and 203; pharmacy automation and 317; psychiatric 39–41, 49, 124

Dua-Khety 175

dualism 184–5, 187

Duchamp, Marcel:
Fountain
229–30, 233,
233

Ebola 2, 11, 13, 203

economics/economy: benefits of growth in 201–19; cooperation and 139–40; credit and 201–5; Dataism and 368–73, 378, 383–4, 385–6, 389, 394, 396, 397; happiness and 30, 32, 33, 34–5, 39; humanism and 230,
232
, 234, 247–8, 252, 262–3, 267–8, 269, 271, 272, 273; immortality and 28; paradox of historical knowledge and 56–8; technology and 307–8, 309, 311, 313, 318–19, 327, 348, 349

education 39–40, 168–71, 231,
233
, 234, 238, 247, 314, 349

Eguía, Francisco de 8

Egypt 1, 3, 67, 91, 98, 141, 142, 158–62, 170, 174–5, 176, 178–9, 206; Lake Fayum engineering project 161–2, 175, 178; life of peasant in ancient 174–5, 176; pharaohs 158–60,
159
, 174, 175, 176; Revolution, 2011 137, 250; Sudan and 270

Egyptian Journalists Syndicate 226

Einstein, Albert 102, 253

electromagnetic spectrum 354,
354

Eliot, Charles W. 309

EMI (Experiments in Musical Intelligence) 324–5

Engels, Friedrich 271–2

Enki 93, 157, 323

Epicenter, Stockholm 45

Epicurus 29–30, 33, 35, 41

epilepsy 291–2

Erdoğan, Recep Tayyip 207

eugenics 52–3, 55

European Union 82, 150, 160, 250, 310–11

evolution 37–8, 43, 73–4, 75, 78, 79–83, 86–7, 89, 102–5, 110, 131, 140, 150, 203, 205, 252–3, 260, 282, 283, 297, 305, 338, 359, 360, 388, 391

evolutionary humanism 247–8, 252–7, 260–1, 262–3, 352–3

Facebook 46, 137, 340–1, 386, 387, 392, 393

famine 1–6, 19, 20, 21, 27, 32, 41, 55, 58, 166, 167, 179, 205, 209, 219, 350

famine, plague and war, end of 1–21

First World War, 1914–18 9, 14, 16, 52, 244,
245
, 246, 254, 261–2, 300–2,
301
, 309,
310

‘Flash Crash’, 2010 313

fMRI scans 108, 118, 143, 160, 282, 332, 334, 355

Foucault, Michel:
The History of Sexuality
275–6

France: famine in, 1692–4 3–4, 5; First World War and 9, 14, 16; founding myth of 227,
227
; French Revolution 155, 308, 310–11; health care and welfare systems in 30, 31; Second World War and 164, 262–3

France, Anatole 52–3

Frederick the Great, King 141–2

free will 222–3, 230, 247, 281–90, 304, 305, 306, 338

freedom of expression 208, 382, 383

freedom of information 382, 383–4

Freudian psychology 88, 117, 223–4

Furuvik Zoo, Sweden 125–6

Future of Employment, The
(Frey/Osborne) 325–6

Gandhi, Indira 264, 266

Gazzaniga, Professor Michael S. 292–3, 295

GDH (gross domestic happiness) 32

GDP (gross domestic product) 30, 32, 34, 207, 262

genetic engineering
viii
, 23, 25, 41, 44, 48, 50, 52–4, 212, 231, 274, 276, 286, 332–8, 347–8, 353, 359, 369

Germany 36; First World War and 14, 16, 244,
245
, 246; migration crisis and 248–9, 250; Second World War and 255–6, 262–3; state pensions and social security in 31

Gilgamesh epic 93

Gillies, Harold 52

global warming 20, 213, 214–17, 376, 377, 397

God: Agricultural Revolution and 95, 96, 97; Book of Genesis and 77, 78, 93–4, 97, 98; Dataism and 381, 382, 386, 389, 390, 393; death of 67, 98, 220, 234, 261, 268; death/immortality and 21, 22, 48; defining religion and 181, 182, 183, 184; evolutionary theory and 102; hides in small print of factual statements 189–90, 195; homosexuality and 192–3, 195, 226, 276; humanism and 220, 221, 222, 224, 225, 226, 227, 228, 229, 234–7, 241, 244, 248, 261, 268, 270, 271, 272, 273, 274, 276, 305, 389, 390–1; intersubjective reality and 143–4, 145, 147–9, 172–3, 179, 181, 182, 183, 184, 189–90, 192–3, 195; Middle Ages, as source of meaning and authority in 222, 224, 227, 228, 235–7, 305; Newton myth and 97, 98; religious fundamentalism and 220, 226, 268, 351; Scientific Revolution and 96, 97, 98, 115; war narratives and 241, 244

gods: Agricultural Revolution and theist 90–6, 97, 98, 156–7; defining religion and 180, 181, 184–5; disappearance of 144–5; dualism and 184–5; Epicurus and 30; humans as (upgrade to
Homo Deus
) 21, 25, 43–9, 50, 55, 65, 66, 98; humanism and 98; intersubjective reality and 144–5, 150, 155, 156–7, 158–60, 161–3, 176, 178–80, 323, 352; modern covenant and 199–200; new technologies and 268–9; Scientific Revolution and 96–7, 98; spirituality and 184–5; war/famine/plague and 1, 2, 4, 7, 8, 19

Google 24, 28, 114,
114
, 150, 157, 163, 275, 312, 321, 322, 330, 334–40, 341, 384, 392, 393; Google Baseline Study 335–6; Google Fit 336; Google Flu Trends 335; Google Now 343; Google Ventures 24

Gorbachev, Mikhail 372

Götze, Mario 36,
63

Greece 29–30, 132, 173, 174, 228–9, 240, 265–6, 268, 305

greenhouse gas emissions 215–16

Gregory the Great, Pope 228,
228

guilds 230

hackers 310, 313, 344, 382–3, 393

Hadassah Hospital, Jerusalem 287

Hamlet
(Shakespeare) 46, 199

HaNasi, Rabbi Yehuda 94

happiness 29–43

Haraway, Donna: ‘A Cyborg Manifesto’ 275–6

Harlow, Harry 89, 90

Harris, Sam 196

Hassabis, Dr Demis 321

Hattin, Battle of, 1187 146, 147

Hayek, Friedrich 369

Heine, Steven J. 354–5

helmets: attention 287–90, 362–3, 364; ‘mind-reading’ 44–5

Henrich, Joseph 354–5

Hercules 43, 176

Herodotus 173, 174

Hinduism 90, 94, 95, 181, 184, 187, 197, 206, 261, 268, 269, 270, 348, 381

Hitler, Adolf 181, 182, 255–6, 352–3, 375

Holocaust 165, 257

Holocene 72

Holy Spirit 227,
227
, 228,
228

Homo deus
:
Homo sapiens
upgrade to 43–9, 351–66; techno-humanism and 351–66

Homo sapiens
: conquer the world 69, 100–51; end famine, plague and war 1–21; give meaning to the world 153–277; happiness and 29–43;
Homo deus
, upgrade to 21, 43–9; immortality 21–9; loses control, 279–397; problems with predicting history of 55–64

homosexuality 120, 138–9, 192–3, 195, 225–6, 236, 275

Hong Xiuquan 271

Human Effectiveness Directorate, Ohio 288

humanism 65–7, 98, 198, 219; aesthetics and 228–9,
228
, 233,
233
, 241–6,
242
,
245
; economics and 219, 230–1,
232
, 232; education system and 231, 233,
233
, 234; ethics 223–6,
233
; evolutionary
see
evolutionary humanism; formula for knowledge 237–8, 241–2; homosexuality and 225–6; liberal
see
liberal humanism; marriage and 223–5; modern industrial farming, justification for 98; nationalism and 248–50; politics/voting and 226–7, 232,
232
, 248–50; revolution, humanist 220–77; schism within 246–57; Scientific Revolution gives birth to 96–9; socialist
see
socialist humanism/socialism; value of experience and 257–61; techno-humanism 351–66; war narratives and 241–6,
242
,
245
, 253–6; wars of religion, 1914–1991 261–7

hunter-gatherers 34, 60, 75–6, 90, 95, 96–7, 98, 140, 141, 156, 163, 169, 175, 268–9, 322, 355, 360, 361, 378

Hussein, Saddam 18, 310

IBM 315–16, 320, 330

Iliescu, Ion 136, 137

‘imagined orders’ 142–9
see also
intersubjective meaning

immigration 248–50

immortality 21–9, 30, 43, 47, 50, 51, 55, 56, 64, 65, 67, 138, 179, 268, 276, 350, 394–5

in vitro
fertilisation
viii
, 52–3

Inanna 157, 323

India: drought and famine in 3; economic growth in modern 205–8, 349; Emergency in, 1975 264, 266; Hindu revival, 19
th
-century 270, 271, 273; hunter-gatherers in 75–6, 96; liberalism and 264, 265; population growth rate 205–6; Spanish Flu and 9

individualism: evolutionary theory and 103–4; liberal idea of undermined by twenty-first-century science 281–306; liberal idea of undermined by twenty-first-century technology 327–46; self and 294–304,
301
,
303

Industrial Revolution 57, 61, 270, 274, 318, 319, 325, 374

inequality 56, 139–43, 262, 323, 346–50, 377, 397

intelligence: animal 81, 82, 99, 127–32; artificial
see
artificial intelligence; cooperation and 130–1, 137; decoupling from consciousness 307–50, 352, 397; definition of 130–1; development of human 99, 130–1, 137; upgrading human 348–9, 352
see also
techo-humanism; value of consciousness and 397

intelligent design 73, 102

internet: distribution of power 374, 383; Internet-of-All-Things 380, 381, 382, 388, 390, 393, 395; rapid rise of 50

intersubjective meaning 143–51, 155–77, 179, 323, 352

Iraq 3, 17, 40, 275

Islam 8, 18, 21, 22, 64, 137, 188, 196, 205, 206, 207, 221, 226, 248, 261, 268, 269, 270, 271, 274, 275, 276, 351, 392; fundamentalist 18, 196, 226, 268, 269, 270, 275, 351
see also
Muslims

Islamic State (IS) 275, 351

Isonzo battles, First World War 300–2,
301

Israel 48, 96, 225–6, 249

Italy 262, 300–2,
301

Jainism 94–5

Jamestown, Virginia 298

Japan 30, 31, 33, 34, 207, 246, 349

Jefferson, Thomas 31, 192, 249, 282, 305

Jeopardy!
(game show) 315–16,
315

Jesus Christ 91, 155, 183, 187, 271, 274,
297

Jews/Judaism: ancient/biblical 60, 90–1, 94, 172–3, 174, 181, 193, 194–5, 268, 390; animal welfare and 94; expulsions from early modern Europe 197, 198; Great Jewish Revolt (
AD
70) 194; homosexuality and 225–6; Second World War and 164–5,
165
, 182

Jolie, Angelina 332–3, 335, 347

Jones, Lieutenant Henry 254

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